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ad-jŭvo , jūvi, jūtum, 1, v. a. (very rare juvavi, juvatum;
I.hence, adjuvaturus,Petr. Sat. 18: adjŭro or adjuero = adjuvero, Enn. ap. Cic. Sen. 1, 1: “adjuerit = adjuverit,Ter. Phorm. 3, 3, 4), to give aid to, to help, assist, support: aliquem. (Adjuvare applies to every kind of help or support; while auxiliari is only used of one who, from his weakness, needs assistance, and subvenire of one who is in difficulty or embarrassment; cf. Manut. ad Cic. Fam. 1, 7.)
I. In gen.: O Tite, si quid te adjuero curamve levāsso quae nunc te coquit, etc., Enn. ap. Cic. Sen. 1, 1 (Ann. v. 339 Vahl.): di me etsi perdunt, tamen esse adjutam expetunt, Pac. ap. Non. 97, 14 (Rib. Trag. Rel. p. 102): “miseras, inopes, aerumnosas aliquo auxilio,Plaut. Rud. 1, 4, 39: “operā me adjuves,Ter. Phorm. 5, 3, 3: “me adjuves in hac re,id. And. 3, 3, 10: “id spero adjuturos deos (i. e. in ea re),id. ib. 3, 2, 42: “ad verum probandum auctoritas adjuvat,Cic. Quint. 23: “si nihil ad percipiendam colendamque virtutem litteris adjuvarentur,id. Arch. 7, 16: maerorem orationis lacrimis suis, id. de Or. 2, 47: “Q. Hortensii operā rem publicam adjutam (esse),id. Phil. 10, 26: si nos mediocris fortuna rei publicae adjuverit, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 15: “aliquem in filiarum collocatione,id. Off. 2, 16: “auxiliis et copiis, i. e. militibus auxiliariis,id. Fam. 1, 7; cf. Liv. 29, 5: “sua sponte eos adjutum profectus,Nep. Chabr. 2; id. Milt. 2; id. Phoc. 2: “Antiochum Aetolosque adjuturos pronuntiat,Liv. 34, 37: “fortĭs fortuna adjuvat,Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 25, and Liv. 34, 37: “aliquem ad bellum,id. 29, 1; cf. id. 27, 15 Drak.: “adjutus casu,Suet. Tib. 13: “suffragio,id. Vitell. 7: “manu alicujus,id. Dom. 14: “adjuvare preces,id. Ner. 21: “pennis adjutus amoris,Ov. M. 1, 540; so Juv. 6, 504; Sil. 6, 249; cf. id. 5, 326.—
II. Esp.
A. To help, cherish (esp. a state of mind), to sustain: “jam tu quoque hujus adjuvas insaniam,Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 166: “ferendus error immo vero etiam adjuvandus,Cic. Att. 12, 43: “clamore Romani adjuvant militem suum,animate, encourage, Liv. 1, 25; so Curt. 3, 6: “ignem,Liv. 34, 39: “formam cură,Ov. M. 2, 732.—
B. Absol. (very rare), to profit, avail, be of use, be profitable (syn.: utile est, operae pretium est, convenit).
(β). With subject: “solitudo aliquid adjuvat,Cic. Att. 12, 14: “alteri non multum adjuvabant,Caes. B. G. 7, 17: “adjuvat hoc quoque,Hor. S. 2, 5, 73.!*? Rare constructions.
a. With a whole subjective clause with quod as subject: multum eorum opinionem adjuvat, quod (the circumstance that) sine jumentis ... ad iter profectos videbant, Caes. B. C. 1, 69. —
b. With two acc.: “irrides in re tanta? neque me quidquam consilio adjuvas?Ter. Heaut. 5, 2, 29; cf. Rudd. II. p. 179, n. 75.—
d. With inf.: adjuvat enim (pater, the male) incubare, helps to hatch, Plin. 11, 24, 29, § 85.—
e. With the dat. of the person and the acc. of the thing: “operam mutuam dent et messem hanc nobis adjuvent,Gell. 2, 29; cf. adjuto.—Hence, adjŭvans , antis, P. a., subst. with gen.: “non haec adjuvantia causarum, sed has ipsas esse omnium causas,Cic. Univ. 14.
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