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ăb-ĕo , ĭvi or ii, ītum, īre, v. n. (abin= abisne, Plaut. and Ter.; abiit, dissyl., v. Herm. Doctr. Metr. p. 153),
I.to go from a place, to go away, depart.
I.Lit..
A. In gen., constr. with ab, ex, the simple abl., the acc . with in, the local adv. hinc, and absol.: “abeo ab illo,Plaut. Cure. 2, 3, 70: “abi in malam rem maxumam a me,id. Ep. 1, 1, 72 (v. infra); so id. Bacch. 4, 9, 107: “abin e conspectu meo?id. Am. 1, 3, 20 (but also abin ab oculis? id. Trin. 4, 2, 140: id. Truc. 2, 5, 24): “ablturos agro Argivos,id. Am. 1, 1, 53: “abire in aliquas terras,Cic. Cat. 1, 8, 20: “insanus, qui hinc abiit modo,Plaut. Merc. 2, 2, 61: “abi prae, jam ego sequar,go on, I will soon follow, id. Am. 1, 3, 45. —With supine: “abiit exsulatum,into exile, Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 6; Liv. 2, 15 fin.; cf.: “abi deambulatum,Ter. Heaut. 3, 3, 26. —Absol.: “(Catilina) abiit, excessit, evasit, erupit,Cic. Cat. 2, 1, 1: “praetor de sellā surrexit atque abiit,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 65 fin.: “quae dederat abeuntibus,Verg. A. 1, 196 al.: “sub jugum abire,Liv. 3, 2, 8 fin. — With inf.: “abi quaerere,Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 26. —Of things: “cornus sub altum pectus abit,penetrates deeply, Verg. A. 9, 700.
B.In partic.
1.To pass away, so that no trace remains; to disappear, vanish, cease.
a.Of man, to die: “qui nune abierunt hinc in communem locum (i.e. in Orcum),Plaut. Cas. prol. 19; cf.: “ea mortem obiit, e medio abiit,Ter. Phorm. 5, 9, 30; so also Cic.: abiit e vitā, Tusc. 1, 30, 74 al. —
b.Of time, to pass away, elapse: “dum haec abiit hora,Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 50: “menses,id. Ad. 4, 5, 57: “annus,Cic. Sest. 33, 72: “abit dies,Cat. 61, 195: “tota abit hora,Hor. S. 1, 5, 14. —
2. To be changed from one's own ways or nature into something else, to be transformed, metamorphosed; always constr. with in (chiefly poet., esp. in Ov. M., as a constant expression for metamorphosis): terra abit in nimbos imbremque, Lucil. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 24 Mūll.: “in corpus corpore toto,to pass with their whole body into another, Lucr. 4, 1111: “aut abit in somnum,is, as it were, wholly dissolved in sleep, is all sleep, id. 3, 1066: E in V abiit. Varr. L. L. 5, § 91 Mūll.: “in villos abeunt vestes, in crura lacerti,Ov. M. 1, 236; id. ib. 2, 674: “jam barba comaeque in silvas abeunt,id. ib. 4, 657; 4, 396; so id. ib. 3, 398; 8,555; 14, 499; “14, 551 al.: in vanum abibunt monentium verba,will dissolce into nothing, Sen. Ep. 94 med.; “hence, in avi mores regem abiturum,would adopt the ways of, Liv. 1, 32.
II.Trop.
A.In gen., to depart from, to leave off, to turn aside: “ut ab jure non abeat,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 44, § 114; so, “ab emptione,Dig. 2, 14, 7, § 6; 18, 2, 14, § 2 sq.: “a venditione,ib. 18, 5, 1: sed abeo a sensibus, leave, i. e. speak no more of, Cic. Ac. 2, 28, 9; so often with longe: non longe abieris, you need not go far to seek for examples, id. Fam. 7, 19; cf.: “ne longius abeam,id. Rosc. Am. 16, 47; id. Caec. 33, 95 al.: “quid ad istas ineptias abis?why do you have recourse to —? id. Rosc. Am. 16, 47: “abit causa in laudes Cn. Pompeii,Quint. 9, 2, 55: “illuc, unde abii, redeo,I set out, Hor. S. 1, 1, 108: “pretium retro abiit,has fallen, Plin. Ep. 3, 19, 7.
B.In partic.
1.With abl., to retire from an office or occupation: “abiens magistratu,Cic. Pis. 3, 6; id. Fam. 5, 2, 7: Liv. 2, 27 fin.; 3, 38 fin. al.; so, “abire consulatu,Cic. Att. 1, 16, 5; cf. “flaminio,Liv. 26, 23 fin.: “sacerdotio,Gell. 6, 7, 4: “honore,Suet. Aug. 26: “tutelā,Dig. 26, 4, 3, § 8; cf.: “tutelā vel curā,ib. 26, 10, 3, § 18 al.
2.Of the consequence or result of an action, to turn out, end, terminate: “mirabar hoc si sic abiret,Ter. And. 1, 2, 4: cf.: “non posse ista sic abire,Cic. Att. 14, 1; so id. Fin. 5, 3, 7; Cat. 14, 16 al.
3.In auctions, t. t., not to be knocked down to one: “si res abiret ab eo mancipe,should not fall to him, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 54; cf.: “ne res abiret ab eo,that he may purchase it, id. 2, 3, 64; so Dig. 18, 2, 1; 50, 17, 205.
4.The imper. abi is often a simple exclamation or address, either with a friendly or reproachful signif.
a. Abi, Indis me, credo, Begone, you are fooling me! Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 32; so Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 25; cf. Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 205. —
b.Begone! be off! abi modo, Plaut. Poen. 1, 3, 20: “abi, nescis inescare homines,Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 12; “bence in the malediction, abi in malam rem!go be hanged! Plaut. Pers. 2, 4, 17: “abin hine in malam crucem?id. Most. 3, 2, 163 (ef. Cic.: quin tu abis in malam pestem malumque cruciatum? Phil. 13, 21); v. crux and cruciatus.
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