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ădoptĭo , ōnis, f. v. adoptatio,
I.a taking or receiving of one in the place of a child (also of a grandchild, Dig. 1, 7, 10), an adopting, adoption (properly of one still under paternal authority, in patria potestate; on the contr., arrogatio referred to one who was already independent, homo sui juris. The former took place before the praetor or other magistrate and five witnesses, by a threefold mancipatio, i. e. sham sale; “the latter could only be effected before the assembled people in the comitia curiata,Gell. 5, 19; Just. Inst. 1, 11; Dig. 1, 7. More used than adoptatio, q. v.): “emancipare filium alicui in adoptionem,Cic. Fin. 1, 7: “dare se alicui in adoptionem,Vell. 2, 8, 2; Suet. Tib. 2; cf. Liv. 45, 40: “adscire aliquem per adoptionem,Tac. A. 1, 3; “or, in adoptionem,id. H. 2, 1: “inserere aliquem familiae per adoptionem,Suet. Claud. 39 fin.: “adscitus adoptione in imperium et cognomentum,Tac. A. 11, 11: “adoptio in Domitium festinatur,id. ib. 12, 25: “adoptionem nuncupare,to make known, to announce, id. H. 1, 17: adoptio consularis, performed by a consul, Quint. prooem. 6, 13 Spald. al.—
II. Transf., of plants, the ingrafting, Plin. prooem. 1, 16.—Of bees, the admittance to or reception in a new hive: “ut tamquam novae prolis adoptione domicilia confirmentur,Col. 9, 13, 9.—In eccl. Lat., in spiritual sense of adoption as children of God: “adoptionem filiorum Dei,Vulg. Rom. 8, 23; ib. Gal. 4, 5; ib. Ephes. 1, 5.
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