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ab-nŭo , ŭi, ŭĭtum (hence abnŭĭturus, Sall. Fragm. 1, 37 Kritz), or ūtum, 3, v. a. and n. (abnueo, Enn. ap. Diom. p. 378 P. or Ann. v. 283 Vahl.:
I.abnuebunt,id. ib. or Trag. v. 371 id.), lit., to refuse by a nod (cf. Nigid. ap. Gell. 10, 4 fin.); hence, to deny, refuse, to decline doing a thing, to reject.
I. Lit.
A. In gen. (syn. recuso; opp. concedo), constr. absol., with the acc., the inf., quin, or de.
(β). With acc. (in Cic. only with general objects, as quid, nihil): “cum intellegas, quid quisque concedat, quid abnuat,Cic. Fin. 2, 1, 3: “nihil umquam abnuit meo studio voluntas tua,refused, id. Fat. 2, 3; so, “aliquid alicui: regi pacem neque abnuere neque pollicere,Sall. J. 47 fin.: “alia (opp. probo),id. ib. 83 fin.: “abnuere cognomen Bruti,Liv. 1, 56, 8: “imperium,id. 3, 66, 3; cf.: “imperium auspiciumque,to reject, id. 28, 27, 4: “regulae rationem,Quint. 1, 6, 33: “omen,Verg. A. 5, 531: “aliquem comitem inceptis,Sil. 3, 110. —
B. Esp., abnuens, like the Gr. ἀπειπών, declining service, giving up (very rare): “milites fessos itineris magnitudine et jam abnuentes omnia,Sall. J. 68, 3; cf.: “fessos abnuentesque taedio et labore,declining the combat, Liv. 27, 49, 3.
II. Transf., of abstract subjects, not to admit of, to be unfavorable (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “quod spes abnuit,Tib. 4, 1, 25: “quando impetus et subita belli locus abnueret,Tac. H. 5, 13: “hoc videretur, nisi abnueret duritia,Plin. 37, 10, 54, § 145.
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