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abs-cīdo , cīdi, cīsum, 3, v. a. caedo,
I.to cut off with a sharp instrument (diff. from ab-scindo, to break or tear off as with the hand); the former corresponds to praecidere, the latter to avellere, v. Liv. 31, 34, 4 Drak.
II. Trop., to cut off, deprive of; to detract: “spem (alicui),Liv. 4, 10, 4; 24, 30, 12; 35, 45, 6: “orationem alicui,id. 45, 37, 9: “omnium rerum respectum sibi,id. 9, 23, 12: “omnia praesidia,Tac. H. 3, 78: “vocem,Vell. 2, 66; cf. Quint. 8, 3, 85.—Absol.: “quarum (orationum) alteram non libebat mihi scribere, quia abscideram,had broken off, Cic. Att. 2, 7.—Hence, abscīsus , a, um, P. a., cut off.
A. Of places, steep, precipitous (cf. abruptus): “saxum undique abscisum,Liv. 32, 4, 5; so id. 32, 25, 36: “rupes,id. 32, 5, 12.—
B. Of speech, abrupt, concise, short: “in voce aut omnino suppressā, aut etiam abscisā,Quint. 8, 3, 85; 9, 4, 118 Halm (al. abscissa): “asperum et abscisum castigationis genus,Val. Max. 2, 7, 14: “responsum,id. 3, 8, 3: “sententia,id. 6, 3, 10; cf. in comp.: “praefractior atque abscisior justitia,id. 6, 5, ext. 4.—Sup. prob. not used.—Adv.: abscīsē , cut off; hence, of speech, concisely, shortly, distinctly, Val. Max. 3, 7, ext. 6; Dig. 50, 6, 5, § 2.
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