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annus , i, m. acc. to some, as Corssen, Beitr. 16, for am-nus, from 2. an- am-; or acc. to others, directly from 2. anus, a ring, and kindred to the form appearing, in ἐνοαυτός, δί-ενος, τρί-ενος.
I. Lit., a circuit, circular course, periodical return: tempus a brumā ad brumam, dum sol redit, vocatur annus; “quod, ut parvi circuli anuli, sic magni dicebantur circites ani, unde annus,Varr. L. L. 6, § 8 Müll.; cf. “for the same idea: circum tribus actis annis,Lucr. 5, 883: “anno, qui solstitiali circumagitur orbe,Liv. 1, 19; 6, 1: “quae (stellae) volvunt magnos in magnis orbibus annos,Lucr. 5, 644; so Verg. A. 1, 234: “multis solis redeuntibus annis,Lucr. 1, 311; so Verg. A. 8, 47; cf. also Voss ad Verg. G. 2, 402; and the Heb. = month, from = to renew; hence, a year (consisting among the Rom. orig. of ten months, ending with Dec. and beginning with Mart., but from the time of Numa of twelve): “annos sexaginta natus,Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 10: “principio circum tribus actis impiger annis Floret equus,Lucr. 5, 881: “tempora mutare annorum,the seasons, id. 2, 170: “anni tempus, Varr, R. R. 1, 46: nemo est tam senex, qui se annum non putet posse vivere,Cic. Sen. 7, 24: “centum et septem complevit annos,id. ib. 5, 13 et saep.: “anni fugaces,Hor. C. 2, 14, 1: “anni mobiles,id. A. P. 157: “annus piger,id. Ep. 1, 1, 21: “anni breves,id. C. 4, 13, 23: “per exactos annos,id. ib. 3, 22, 6: “initio anni,Liv. 2, 52: “principio anni,id. 2, 48: “anno ineunte,Suet. Calig. 42; id. Tib. 54: “anno exeunte,Cic. Div. 1, 25: “extremo anno,Liv. 2, 64: “extremo anni,Tac. A. 6, 27: “anno circumacto,Liv. 6, 1: “vertente anno,Vulg. 2 Reg. 11, 1: “annus totus,Hor. S. 2, 3, 1: “annus solidus,a full year, Liv. 1, 19.—Poet.: “pleno anno,at the close of, Hor. C. 3, 18, 5; Plaut. Stich. 1, 1, 30; id. Men. 2, 1, 9: “nondum centum et decem anni sunt, cum lata est lex,Cic. Off. 2, 21, 75: lex anno post quam lata sit abrogata, id. Cornel. Fragm. ap. Orell. IV. 2, p. 448.—
B. Adverb. phrases.
1. Anno.
a. A year ago, last year, πέρυσι (for the most part anteclass.; “not used by Cic.),Plaut. Am. prol. 91: “quattuor minis ego emi istanc anno,id. Men. 1, 3, 22; id. Truc. 2, 4, 39: utrum anno an horno te abstuleris a viro, Lucil. ap. Non. p. 121, 8; so, “ab anno priore,Vulg. 2 Cor. 8, 10; and: “ab anno praeterito,ib. ib. 9, 2.—
b. A full or whole year, Liv. 3, 39 fin.: “corpus ejus matronae anno luxerunt,Aur. Vict. Vir. Ill. 10 fin. (in Livy, instead of it, annum; v. 2. infra).—
c. In each year, yearly: “uno boum jugo conseri anno quadragena jugera, difficilis tricena justum est,Plin. 18, 18, 48, § 173.—But in is freq. added when it is related how often a thing happened during the year, Varr. R. R. 2, 11, 8: “ter in anno,Cic. Rosc. Am. 46: “semel in anno,Vulg. Heb. 9, 7 (cf.: “semel per annum,ib. Ex. 30, 10) al. (but without in' ter et quater anno, Hor. C. 1, 31, 14: “bis anno,Plin. 2, 73, 75, § 184).—
2. Annum, a year, during a whole year: “matronae annum eum luxerunt,Liv. 2, 7.—
3. Ad annum, for the coming year, a year hence: “faciendum est ad annum,Cic. de Or. 3, 24, 92: “quem ad annum tribunum plebis videbam fore,id. Att. 5, 2.—
4. In annum.
a. For a year: prorogatum in annum im perium est, Liv. 37, 2, 11: si quid Est (gnaws) animum, differs curandi tempus in annum? Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 39: “provisae frugis in annum Copia,id. ib. 1, 18, 109.—
b. In the next year, the next year: “quod stercoratione faciunt in annum segetes meliores,Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 12.—
5. Per annos, year by year, yearly: “arva per annos mutant, et superest ager,Tac. G. 26; so, “per omnes annos,Vulg. Lev. 16, 34; ib. Luc. 2, 41.—
6. Omnibus annis, all the years, always, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 21.—
II. Transf.
A. Poet., a part of a year, a season of the year: “nunc frondent silvae, nunc formosissimus an-nus,now the forest is clothed with verdure, now the year is most beautiful, Verg. E. 3, 57; so, “pomifer annus,Hor. C. 3, 23, 8: “hibernus annus,id. Epod. 2, 29: Pisaeumque domus non aestuat annum, i. e. the summer (in which season of the year the Olympic games were celebrated at Pisa), Stat. S. 1, 3, 8.—
B. The produce of the year (poet. or in post-Aug. prose; cf. “annona, I.),Luc. 9, 437: “agricolae annum flevere,id. 3, 452; 3, 70; Stat. Th. 4, 710; Val. Fl. 5, 424: “nec arare terram aut exspectare annum,Tac. G. 14, ubi v. Rup.; cf. Schwarz ad Plin. Pan. 29.—
C. Time of life (poet.): “Dum vernat sanguis, dum rugis integer annus,while your years are free from wrinkles, Prop. 5, 5, 59: “vitae longus et annus erit,the years of life, id. 3, 7, 38.—
D. In polit. life, the age to which one must attain in order to be appointed to an office (cf. annalis, II.): “quod hoc honore me adfecistis primā petitione, quod anno meo,Cic. Agr. 2, 2: “subito reliquit annum suum seseque in annum proximum transtulit,id. Mil. 9, 24: “qui anno suo petierint,id. ib. 9, 24; id. Att. 1, 1; id. Fam. 10, 25.—
E. In astronomy: annus magnus or mundanus, the period of time in which the constellations return to the same place; acc. to Macr. Somn. Scip. 2, 11, 15,000 years; v. Cic. N. D. 2, 20; Tac. Or. 16; and Madv. ad Cic. Fin. 2, 31, 102.
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