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ăpo (or ăpio , Isid. Orig. 19, 30), ĕre, v. a. cf.: ἅπτω, apiscor, apex.
I. A.. To fasten, attach, join, bind, tie to (syn.: ligo, adligo, jungo, conjungo, recto): comprehendere antiqui vinculo apere dicebant, Paul. ex Fest. s. v. apex, p. 18 Müll.; cf. apex; used only in part. perf. pass. aptus (the P. a. v. infra): “uteri terrae radicibus apti,fastened to the earth, Lucr. 5, 808 (Lachm., terram and apti = adepti): “bracchia validis ex apta lacertis,united with the strong shoulders, id. 4, 829: “gladium e lacunari setā equinā aptum demitti jussit,Cic. Tusc. 5, 21, 62: “linguam vinclis de pectore imo aptis moveri,Gell. 1, 15.—
B. Trop.: ex aliquā re (like pendere ex aliquā re), depending upon, arising from (so only in Cic.): “rerum causae aliae ex aliis aptae et necessitate nexae,Cic. Tusc. 5, 25, 70: “honestum, ex quo aptum est officium,id. Off. 1, 18, 60; id. Fin. 2, 14, 47: “ex quā re (sc. virtute) una vita omnis apta sit,id. Ac. 2, 10, 31: “causa ex aeternis causis apta,id. Fat. 15, 34: “cui viro ex se apta sunt omnia, etc.,id. Tusc. 5, 12, 36 (as transl. of Plat. Menex. p. 302: Ὅτῳ γὰρ ἀνδρὶ εἰς ἑαυτὸν ἀνήρτηται πάντα, etc.); cf. id. Fam. 5, 13.—Once also with pendere: “non ex verbis aptum pendere jus,Cic. Caecin. 18.—Also without ex: “vitā modicā et aptā virtute perfrui,Cic. Leg. 1, 21, 56: “rudentibus apta fortuna,id. Tusc. 5, 14, 40.—
II. A.. Joined, bound, or tied together, connected: “aptum conexum et colligatum significat,Non. p. 234, 32 (so most freq. in Lucr.): “conjugio corporis atque animae consistimus uniter apti,Lucr. 3, 846; 5, 555; 5, 558: “genus ... validis aptum per viscera nervis,bound together by the strong band of the sinews, id. 5, 928: “quae memorare queam inter se singlariter apta,id. 6, 1067 al.: “facilius est apta dissolvere quam dissipata conectere,Cic. Or. 71, 235: “quā ex conjunctione caelum ita aptum est, ut, etc.,id. Tim. 5: “qui tam certos caeli motus, tamque omnia inter se conexa et apta viderit,id. N. D. 2, 38, 97; Gell. 6, 2. —
B. Trop.: “omnia inter se apta et conexa,Cic. Fin. 4, 19, 53: “apta inter se et cohaerentia,id. N. D 3, 1, 4: “efficiatur aptum illud, quod fuerit antea diffiuens ac solutum,id. Or. 70, 233.—Poet., with abl., endowed, furnished, or ornamented with something: fides alma, apta pinnis, furnished with wings, winged, Enn. ap. Cic. Off. 3, 29, 105: “stellis fulgentibus apta caeli domus,the abode of heaven studded with glittering stars, Lucr. 6, 357 (cf. id. 5, 1205: stellis micantibus aethera fixum); “imitated by Verg.: caelum stellis fulgentibus aptum,Verg. A. 11, 202, and: “axis stellis ardentibus aptus,id. ib. 4, 482: “veste signis ingentibus aptā,Lucr. 5, 1428: “magis apta figura,id. 2, 814: lucus opacus teneris fruticibus aptus, Varr. ap. Non. p. 235, 9: “Tyrio prodeat apta sinu,Tib. 1, 9, 70.—Hence,
III. aptus , a, um, P. a., pr., fitted to something; hence, suited, suitable, proper, apposite, fit, appropriate, adapted, conformable to (cf. accommodatus and appositus, 2.).
A. In gen.: aptus is, qui convenienter alicui junctus est, Paul. ex Fest. s. v. apex, p. 18 Müll. (so most freq. after the Cic. per.); constr. with ad or dat.; of persons always with dat.
(γ). With in (cf. Rudd. II. p. 96, n. 60): “in quod (genus pugnae) minime apti sunt,Liv. 38, 21: “formas deus aptus in omnes,apt for, easily changed into, Ov. M. 14, 765: “in ceteros apta usus,Vulg. Deut. 20, 20: “vasa apta in interitum,ib. Rom. 9, 22.—
(δ). With qui (cf. Zumpt, § “568): nulla videbatur aptior persona, quae de illā aetate loqueretur,Cic. Am. 1, 4: “est mihi, quae lanas molliat, apta manus,Ov. H. 3, 70.—(ε) Poet., with inf: “(Circe) apta cantu veteres mutare figuras,Tib. 4, 1, 63: “aetas mollis et apta regi,Ov. A. A. 1, 10.— Esp. freq., (ζ) Absol., Sall. H. Fragm. ap. Non. p. 235, 16: “amor,Prop. 4, 22, 42: “saltus,Ov. M. 2, 498: “ars,Tib. 1, 7, 60: “apta oscula,Tib. 1, 4, 54; Ov. H. 15, 132: “lar aptus,an extensive, satisfying possession, Hor. C. 1, 12, 43.—So in prose: “aptus exercitus,an army good in fight, ready for battle, Liv. 10, 25: “tempus aptum,the right time, id. 35, 19; so Vulg. Eccli. 20, 6 al.
B. Esp., in rhet., of the fitness, appropriateness of discourse: “quid aptum sit, hoc est quid maxime decens in oratione,Cic. de Or. 3, 55, 210; so apta oratio, which has the appropriate rhet. fulness and periodic rounding: numerosa et apta oratio, id. Or. 50, 168; cf. id. ib. 50, 70; so id. Brut. 17, 68: “Thucydides verbis aptus et pressus,exact and brief in expression, id. de Or. 2, 13, 56.—Hence, aptē , adv., closely, fitly, suitably, nicely, rightly.
I. Lit.
A. Absol.: “atque ita apte cohaeret (mundi corpus), ut etc.,Cic. Tim. 5: altera est nexa cum superiore et inde apteque pendens, id. ap. Non. p. 235, 18: “capiti apte reponere,Liv. 1, 34, 8.—
B. With ad: “apte convenire ad pedem,Cic. Fin. 3, 14, 46.— Sup.,
II. Trop., fitly, suitably, properly, duly, rightly.
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