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arcĕo , cui, ctum (arcitum, acc. to Prisc. p. 1265 P.) [cf. ἀρκέω = to keep off, to suffice; ἄρκιος = sufficient, safe; arx = a stronghold; arca = a strong-box, chest; ἀλαλκεῖν = to keep off; ἀλκή = defence, strength. Curt.].
I. To shut up, to enclose.
A. Lit.: arcere est continere, Paul. ex Fest. p. 15 Müll.: “alvus arcet et continet quod recipit,Cic. N. D. 2, 54, 136: orbis caelestis arcens et continens ceteros, id. Rep. 6, 17: “nos flumina arcemus, dirigimus, avertimus,id. N. D. 2, 60, 152: “hos quidem ut famulos vinclis prope ac custodiā arceamus,shut in, confine, id. Tusc. 2, 21, 48 (cf. Doed. Syn. II. p. 426).—
B. Trop.: “videbam audaciam tam immanem non posse arceri otii finibus,Cic. Har. Resp. 3.—Also, to keep in order: arcendae familiae gratiā, Paul. ex Fest. s. v. noverca, p. 175 Müll.—
II. To keep or hold off, to prevent from approaching, to keep at a distance: arcere prohibere est, Paul. ex Fest. p. 15 Müll.; constr. absol. aliquem, with ab, the simple abl., poet. also with dat.
(γ). With the simple abl. (not with persons): “primordia genitali concilio arceri tempore iniquo,Lucr. 1, 183: “illum ut hostem arcuit Galliā,Cic. Phil. 5, 13 fin.: “te dominus illis sedibus arcebit,id. ib. 2, 40 fin.; so id. Tusc. 1, 37, 89: “Virginiam matronae sacris arcuerant,Liv. 10, 23: “aliquem aditu,id. 42, 6; so Suet. Ner. 46; Luc. 10, 499: “aquā atque igni arcebatur,Tac. A. 3, 23; so id. ib. 3, 50 (cf. aqua, I. B. 3.) al.: “arceor aris,Ov. M. 6, 209: “patriis penatibus,id. ib. 9, 446 al.: “aliquem funesto veterno,” i. e. to protect, guard, Hor. Ep. 1, 8, 10: “classes aquilonibus,id. A. P. 64 et saep.—
(δ). With dat., to keep off something from: “oestrum pecori,Verg. G. 3, 155 (cf.: “Solstitium pecori defendite,id. E. 7, 47: “mortem fratri depulit,Ov. H. 14, 130; and the Gr. ἀμύνειν νηυσὶ θοῇσι πῦρ, Hom. Il. 9, 435; 9, 347; v. also Rudd. II. p. 150).
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