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austērus , a, um, adj. (auster, Scrib. Comp. 188;
I.sup. austerrimus, Messala, Corv. Progen. Aug. 5), = αὐστηρός.
I. A.. Lit, of taste, harsh, sour, tart (not before the Aug. per.; “syn.: acer, acerbus, tristis, severus, molestus): vinum nigrum,Cels. 3, 24: “austerior gustus,Col. 12, 12, 2: “herba austero sapore,Plin. 25, 5, 20, § 45: “vinum austerissimum,Scrib. Comp. 142.—
B. Transf. *
1. Of smell, pungent: “balsami sucus: odore austerus,Plin. 12, 25, 54, § 120.—
II. Trop.
A. Severe, rigid, strict, stern, austere (opp. mol lis, facilis, lenis; “scarcely before Cic.): illo austero more ac modo,Cic. Cael. 14, 33; id. de Or. 3, 25, 98: “austerior et gravior esse potuisset,id. Pis. 29, 71: “Nec gravis austeri poena cavenda viri,Prop. 4, 13, 24: “homo austerus es,Vulg. Luc. 19, 21; 19, 22.—Of discourse, severe, grave, serious: “ita sit noLis ornatus et suavis orator, ut suavitatem habeat austeram et solidam, non dulcem atque decoctam (the epithet borrowed from wine),that he may have a severe and solid, not a luscious and effeminate sweetness, Cic. de Or. 3, 26, 103: “austera poëmata,Hor. A. P. 342: “oratio,Quint. 9, 4, 128 Spald.—Of style in statuary: “genus,Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 66.—
B. As the opp. of kind, pleasant, severe, gloomy, sad, troublesome, hard, irksome (so first after the beginning of the Aug. per.): “labor,Hor. S. 2, 2, 12: “Quaelibet austeras de me ferat urna tabellas,Prop. 5, 11, 49: “aeger omnem austeram curationem recusans,Plin. 24, 7, 28, § 43.—Adv.:
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