previous next
bīlis , is (abl. bili, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 95; Lucr. 4, 664; Cic. Tusc. 3, 5, 11;
I.bile,Hor. C. 1, 13, 4; Petr. 124, 2; Plin. 22, 20, 23, § 49; Suet. Tib. 59; Pers. 2, 14; Juv. 13, 143; Inscr. Grut. 1040, 3), f. kindr. with galbus, gilbus; Germ. gelb.
I. Lit., bile (the bilious fluid secreted by the liver, jecur, while fel is the vessel in which the fluid is contained): rufa, viridis, nigra, Ceis. 7, 18; Lucr. 4, 664; Cato, R. R. 156, 4; Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 137; id. Tusc. 4, 10, 23: “bilem pellere,Plin. 23, 8, 74, § 142: “trahere,id. 27, 4, 10, § 27: “detrahere,id. 27, 12, 93, § 119.— In plur. biles, the yellow and black bile, Plin. 20, 9, 34, § 84: “purgare,Scrib. Comp. 136 (cf. poet.: “purgor bilem,Hor. A. P. 302). —
B. Esp.: bilis suffusa, the overflowing of bile, i.e. the jaundice, Plin. 22, 21, 26, § 54 (in Sen. Ep. 95, 16, called subfusio luridae bilis).—And so, bile suffusus, having the jaundice, jaundiced, Plin. 22, 20, 23, § 49.—
II. Trop.
A. Anger, wrath, choler, ire, displeasure, indignation (v. jecur): “non placet mihi cena, quae bilem movet,Plaut. Bacch. 3, 6, 8; so Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 20: “bilem alicui commovere,to stir up, excite, Cic. Att. 2, 7, 2: “bile tumet jecur,Hor. C. 1, 13, 4: “meum jecur urere bilis,id. S. 1, 9, 66: “bilis inaestuat praecordiis,id. Epod. 11, 16: “jussit quod splendida bilis,id. S. 2, 3, 141: “expulit bilem meraco,id. Ep. 2, 2, 137: “bilem effundere,to vent, Juv. 5, 159: “turgescit vitrea bilis,Pers. 3, 8: “cui sententiae tantum bilis, tantum amaritudinis inest, ut, etc.,Plin. Ep. 4, 11, 2: videte metuendam inimici et hostis bilem et licentiam, Cic. Fragm. Clod. et Cur. 4, 4 B. and K.—
B. Atra (or nigra) bilis, black bile, for melancholy, sadness, dejection, μελαγχολία, Cic. Tusc. 3, 5, 11: bilem atram generantes, quos μελαγχολικοὺς vocant, Scrib. Comp. 104.—Also as in Gr., = furor, rage, fury, madness: Am. Delirat uxor. So. Atra bili percita est, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 95; id. Capt. 3, 4, 64: “bilis nigra curanda est, et ipsa furoris causa removenda,Sen. Ep. 94, 17.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: