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brĕvĭtas , ātis, f. brevis,
I.shortness.
I. Lit., in space (cf. brevis, I.) (rare): “brevitas angusti freti,the narrowness of the strait, Gell. 10, 27, 6: “hominibus Gallis prae magnitudine corporum suorum brevitas nostra contemptui est,smallness of stature, Caes. B. G. 2, 30; cf.: “haec habilis brevitate suā est,Ov. Am. 2, 4, 35: “spatii,Caes. B. C. 1, 82, 3: “crurum,Plin. 8, 34, 52, § 123: “chamaeplatani coactae brevitatis,Plin. 12, 2, 6, § 13: “guttarum,Vitr. 7, 8, 2.—More freq.,
B. Transf.
1. In time, shortness, brevity: “ita diei brevitas conviviis, noctis longitudo in stupris continebatur,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 10, § 26: “temporis,id. Att. 1, 10, 1: “imperii,Tac. H. 1, 47: “horae,Sil. 3, 141: “vitae,Cic. Tusc. 1, 38, 91; Sen. Brev. Vit. tit. et saep.—Absol.: confer nostram longissimam aetatem cum aeternitate; “in eādem propemodum brevitate quā illae bestiolae reperiemur,Cic. Tusc. 1, 39, 94.—But most freq.,
2. Of discourse, brevity, conciseness: si brevitas appellanda est, cum verbum nullum redundat, brevis est L. Crassi oratio; “sin tum est brevitas, cum tantum verborum est, quantum necesse est, etc.,Cic. de Or. 2, 80, 326 sq.; id. Brut. 13, 50; 17, 66; id. Inv. 1, 20, 28 sq.; Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 40, § 103; id. Leg. 3, 18, 40: “cujus tanta in dicendo brevitas fuit,id. Har. Resp. 19, 41: “et a me brevitas postulatur, qui mihimet ipsi amicissima est,id. Quint. 10, 34: “nos brevitatem in hoc ponimus, non ut minus, sed ne plus dicatur quam oporteat,Quint. 4, 2, 43: “illa Sallustiana brevitas,id. 4, 2, 45; 10, 1, 32: “brevitas quoque aut copia non genere materiae sed modo constant,id. 3, 8, 67; 10, 1, 46; 10, 5, 8; 6, 3, 45; “12, 10, 48: ea, quotiens causa poscit, ubertas, ea, quotiens permittit, brevitas,Tac. Or. 23: “contionem imperatoriā brevitate pronuntiat,id. H. 1, 18: est brevitate opus, ut currat sententia, * Hor. S. 1, 10, 9; Phaedr. 2, prol. 12; 3, 10, 60: brevitatis causā, gratiā, for the sake of brevity or conciseness, Cic. Off. 2, 12, 43; cf. Quint. 4, 2, 67: “gratiā,Plin. 18, 25, 57, § 214.—
3. Of shortness of syllables: “fluit numerus tum incitatius brevitate pedum, tum proceritate tardius,Cic. Or. 63, 212: “brevitas celeritas syllabarum,id. ib. 57, 191: “contractio et brevitas dignitatem non habet,id. ib. 57, 193.—In plur.: “omnium longitudinum et brevitatum in sonis... judicium, etc.,Cic. Or. 51, 173.—
II. For exiguitas, parvitas (cf. brevis, II. C.), littleness, smallness: “cujusvis in brevitate corporis,Lucr. 2, 483: “vineae,Paul. Aug. 2: “doni,Claud. Epigr. 20, 11.
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