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băsis , is and ĕos (
I.gen. basis, Vulg. 3 Reg. 7, 27; “7, 34: baseos,Vitr. 10, 15; acc. usu. basim, but BASEM, Inscr. Orell. 1263 al.: basidem, Ven. Fort. 8, 14; abl. usu. basi, but base, Treb. Pol. Gall. 18, 4; Inscr. Grut. 63, 3: “BASIDE,ib. 16, 14; gen. plur. BASIVM, Inscr. Orell. 3272), f., = βάσις, a pedestal, foot, base.
B. Trop.: “bases virtutis,foundations, Vulg. Ecclus. 6, 30.—
II. In partic., prov.: aliquem cum basi suā metiri, to measure a pillar together with its pedestal, i. e. to give false measure, to estimate too high, Sen. Ep. 76, 31.—
III. Esp.
A. In math.: “basis trianguli,the base of a triangle, Cic. N. D. 2, 49, 125: “arcus,the chord of an arc, Col. 5, 2, 9; 3, 13, 12.—
B. In archit., the lowest part of the shaft of a column, Vitr. 4, 1, 6 (our pedestal is expressed by spira, q. v.).—
C. In gram., the primitive word, the root, Varr. ap. Non. p. 79, 33.—
D. Of cattle, a track, footprint, Veg. 1, 25, 6; 1, 26, 1; 1, 3, 46 al.
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