I.pertaining to a favor.
II. Freq. subst.: bĕnĕfĭcĭārĭi , ōrum, m.; in milit. lang., soldiers who, through the favor of their commander, were exempt from menial offices (throwing up intrenchments, procuring wood and water, foraging, etc.), free or privileged soldiers: beneficiarii dicebantur milites, qui vacabant muneris beneficio; “e contrario munifices vocabantur, qui non vacabant, sed munus reipublicae faciebant,” Fest. p. 27; cf. “Comm. p. 347: beneficiarii superiorum exercituum,” Caes. B. C. 3, 88. Such beneficiarii were usually in attendance upon their commanders, and were promoted by them to office: Βενεφικιάλιοι οἱ ἐπὶ θεραπείᾳ τῶν Μαγιστράτων τεταγμένοι, Gloss.: “beneficiarii ab eo appellati quod promoventur beneficio tribunorum,” Veg. Mil. 2, 7; Caes. B. C. 1, 75; Plin. Ep. 10, 21 (32); 10, 27 (36); Inscr. Orell. 192; 929; 1394 et saep.