previous next
Cŏrinthus , i (nom. Gr. Corinthos, Ov. M. 6, 416; acc. Gr. Corinthon, id. F. 4, 501; Mart. 9, 60; 10, 68), f. (
I.masc., Inscr. Fratr. Arval. p. 30 Marin.: CORINTO DELETO), = Κόρινθος, Corinth, a celebrated commercial city in the Peloponnesus, pillaged and destroyed by Mummius, now the village Corinto or Gereme; it was situated on the Isthmus (hence, bimaris, Hor. C. 1, 7, 2; Ov. M. 5, 407; id. F. 4, 501; and: “bimaris terra,Sen. Oedip. 282), Mel. 2, 3, 7; Plin. 4, 4, 5, § 11; Flor. 2, 16; Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 61; Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 44 et saep.; Cic. Tusc. 3, 12, 27 al.—Prov. of an entrance into the harbor of Corinth, dangerous to ships: non cuivis homini contingit adire Corinthum (in acc. with the Gr. Οὐ παντὸς ἀνδρὸς ἐς Κόρινθον ἐσθ̓ πλοῦς, Gell. 1, 8, 4), Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 36; acc. to others this proverb is supposed to refer to the expense of living at Corinth.—
B. Meton., poet., vessels made of Corinthian brass (cf. infra, II. A. 2.): “captivum portatur ebur, captiva Corinthus,an entire Corinth, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 193 (vasa Corinthia, ex aere Corinthio facta, Schol.).—Hence,
II. Adjj.
A. Cŏrinthĭus , a, um, Corinthian.
1. In gen.: “ager optimus et fructuosissimus,Cic. Agr. 1, 2, 5: “sinus,the Gulf of Corinth, Liv. 44, 1, 4; cf. “isthmus,Sen. Thyest. 124: “columnae,of the Corinthian order, Vitr. 4, 1; Plin. 36, 23, 56, § 178; cf. O. Müll. Archaeol. §§ 53, 108, and 275.—Subst.: Cŏrinthĭi , ōrum, m., the Corinthians, Cic. de Or. 2, 65, 262; Nep. Timol. 2, 1; Liv. 32, 17, 3 et saep.; in sing., Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 207.—
2. Esp.: Corinthium aes, an alloy of gold, silver, and copper, very much valued in antiquity, and much used for costly ornaments, etc., Plin. 34, 2, 3, § 6 sq.; Flor. 2, 16, 6 Duker.; Cic. Att. 2, 1, 11; cf.: “nobilis aere Corinthos,Ov. M. 6, 416; and poet. for great wealth, Prop. 3 (4), 5, 6.—Hence, vasa, made of it, Cic. Rosc. Am. 46, 143; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 19, § 46; Suet. Tib. 34 al.: “opus,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 44, § 97: “supellex,id. ib. 2, 2, 34, § 83; and subst.: Cŏrinthĭa , ōrum, n. (sc. vasa), works of art made of it, id. Tusc. 2, 14, 32; Suet. Aug. 70 al.—Hence,
b. Cŏrinthĭārĭus , ii, m.
(α). A worker in Corinthian brass; sarcast. appel. of Augustus, on account of his love of splendor, Auct. ap. Suet. Aug. 70.—
(β). An inspector of Corinthian vessels, Inscr. Grut. 639, 7 sq.
B. Cŏrinthĭăcus , a, um, adj., Corinthian: “sinus,Liv. 26, 26, 2; Plin. 4, 4, 5, §§ “10 and 11: Corinthiaci ponti litora,Ov. M. 15, 507.—
C. Cŏrinthĭensis , e, adj., Corinthian (very rare): “fons Pirene,Plaut. Aul. 3, 6, 23: “litus,Tac. A. 5, 10.—Subst.: Cŏrinthĭenses , ium, m., colonists: Corinthienses ex eo dici coeperunt, ex quo coloni Corinthum sunt deducti, qui ante Corinthii sunt dicti, Paul. ex Fest. p. 60, 11 Müll. ad loc.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: