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culpa , ae, f. kindr. in root with scelus; cf. Sanscr. skhal-, errare,
I.crime, fault, blame, failure, defect (as a state worthy of punishment; on the contr. delictum, peccatum, etc., as punishable acts; diff. from scelus, which implies an intentional injury of others; but culpa includes in it an error in judgment).
I. Prop.
A. In gen. (very freq. in every period and species of composition): “delictum suum Suamque ut culpam expetere in mortalem sinat,Plaut. Am. 1, 2, 33; cf.: “non C. Rabirium culpa delicti, non invidia vitae ... in discrimen capitis vocaverunt,Cic. Rab. Perd. 1, 2: “in hoc uno genere omnis inesse culpas istius maximas avaritiae, majestatis, dementiae, libidinis, crudelitatis,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 17, § 42: “et culpam in facto, non scelus esse meo,Ov. Tr. 4, 1, 24 et saep.: “quicquid hujus factum'st culpa, non factum'st mea,Ter. Eun. 5, 6, 10: “is quidem In culpā non est,to blame, in fault, id. Hec. 4, 4, 78; cf. id. ib. 3, 1, 19: “praesidio ad eorum, qui in culpā essent, timorem uti,Cic. Fam. 15, 2, 7: “malo Tironis verecundiam in culpā esse, quam inliberalitatem Curii,id. Att. 8, 6, 3; id. Planc. 4, 10; cf.: “ut jam sit in iis culpa, qui, etc.,id. Fam. 1, 9, 13: “tua culpa nonnulla est,you are somewhat to blame, not without fault, id. ib. 3, 8, 6: “sed haec mea culpa est,id. Brut. 35, 133: “ne penes ipsos culpa esset cladis,Liv. 5, 36, 10: “penes Aetolos culpam belli esse,id. 35, 33, 3; Sen. Ben. 7, 18, 2; Plin. Ep. 10, 30 (39), 2: “culpa, quae te est penes, Ter. hec. 4, 1, 20: culpa abest ab aliquo,Quint. 11, 1, 64: “aliquem extra culpam belli esse judicare,Liv. 8, 19, 10: “in mutum confers culpam,Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 55: “conferre in aliquem,Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 96; Caes. B. G. 4, 27; Cic. Sen. 5, 14 al.; cf.: “culpam transferre in aliquem,Ter. And. 2, 3, 5; Cic. Att. 15, 28; id. Font. 8, 18: “suam quisque culpam auctores ad negotia transferunt,Sall. J. 1, 4: “contrahere culpam,Cic. Att. 11, 24, 1: “culpam non modo derivare in aliquem, sed communicare cum altero,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 20, § 49: “in culpā ponere aliquem,id. Clu. 45, 127: “indecorant bene nata (pectora) culpae,Hor. C. 4, 4, 36; 4, 15, 11: “seraque fata, Quae manent culpas etiam sub Orco,id. ib. 3, 11, 29; App. Dogm. Plat. 2, p. 28, 5; Arn. 1, p. 27.—
B. In partic.
1. The crime of unchastity, a faux pas (cf. crimen, II. A. 2.), Ov. M. 2, 37 et saep.; Verg. A. 4, 19; 4, 172; Hor. C. 3, 27, 38; 3, 6, 17; Tac. A. 3, 24 et saep.—
2. Mostly in jurid. Lat., the fault of remissness, neglect, Dig. 17, 2, 72; 18, 1, 68; 42, 5, 8, § 3: “nec sum facturus (rem) vitio culpāve minorem,Hor. S. 2, 6, 6.—
II. Meton., any thing mischievous or injurious, mischief: “continuo culpam (sc. ovem aegram) ferro compesce,Verg. G. 3, 468: “sedula (i. e. meretrix),Prop. 4 (5), 5, 20.
B. Of things, a fault, defect: “operum et laudes et culpae,Vitr. 3, 1, 4.
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