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cŭpĭdĭtas , ātis (
I.gen. plur. rarely -tatium, Cic. Sest. 66, 138; Sen. Ep. 5, 7), f. cupidus, a desire, wish, longing, in a good and (more freq.) in a bad sense.
I. In a good sense, a longing, desire.
(α). With gen.: “insatiabilis quaedam veri videndi,Cic. Tusc. 1, 19, 44: “cognoscendi,id. ib.: “imitandi,id. Brut. 92, 317: “mirabilis pugnandi,Nep. Milt. 5, 1 al.: “justi et magni triumphi,Cic. Pis. 25, 59: “gloriae,id. ib.: “mira studiorum,Tac. Or. 2: “cibi,appetite, Cels. 2, 3 al.
(γ). Absol.: “nimis flagrare cupiditate,Cic. de Or. 1, 30, 134: “nimis confidere propter cupiditatem,on account of warm desire, id. Off. 1, 21, 73: “de voluntate tuā, ut simul simus, vel studio potius et cupiditate non dubito,eager longing, id. Att. 12, 26, 1; cf.: tanta erat magnificentia apud opulentiores, cupiditas apud humiliores, devotion, enthusiasm, Auct. B. G. 8, 51 fin.
II. In a bad sense, a passionate desire, lust, passion, cupidity.
A. In gen.
b. Carnal desire, lust, Plin. 36, 5, 4, § 21; “of animals,Col. 6, 27, 4.—
B. In partic.
1. A passionate desire for money or other possessions; avarice, cupidity, covetousness: “nisi ipsos caecos redderet cupiditas et avaritia et audacia,Cic. Rosc. Am. 35, 101; “so with avaritia,Quint. 12, 1, 6; Suet. Dom. 9: “et contemptus pecuniae et cupiditas,Quint. 7, 2, 30; “opp. abstinentia,Suet. Dom. 9; 10: “cupiditas causa sceleris fuit,Quint. 5, 12, 6 Spald.; 3, 5, 10; 5, 10, 34; Suet. Calig. 44 al.
c. Greediness of gain in trade, usury, overreaching, fraud, Cic. Att. 1, 17, 9.—
d. The lust of power, ambition (post-Aug.): “non te propria cupiditas, sed aliena utilitas principem fecit,Plin. Pan. 7.—
2. An undue partiality, spirit of party: “(testes) aut sine ullo studio dicebant, aut cum dissimulatione aliquā cupiditatis,Cic. Fl. 10, 21; 26, 64; id. Planc. 17, 43; Liv. 24, 28, 8.
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