I. The trunk of a tree, the stock, stem (rare).
B. The block of wood to which one was bound for punishment: “codex,” Plaut. Poen. 5, 3, 39; Prop. 4 (5), 7, 44; Juv. 2, 57. —
A. A block of wood split or sawn into planks, leaves or tablets and fastened together: “quia plurium tabularum contextus caudex apud antiquos vocatur,” Sen. Brev. Vit. 13, 4: quod antiqui pluris tabulas conjunctas codices dicebant, Varr. ap. Non. p. 535, 20.—Hence,
B. (Since the ancients orig. wrote upon tablets of wood smeared with wax.) A book, a writing (its leaves were not, like the volumina, rolled within one another, but, like those of our books, lay over one another; cf. Dict. of Antiq.).
(α). Caudex, Cato ap. Front. Ep. ad M. Ant. 1, 2.—
C. Esp. of an accountbook and particularly of a ledger (while adversaria signifies the waste-book; hence only the former was of any validity in law): non habere se hoc nomen (this item) in codice accepti et expensi relatum confitetur: “sed in adversariis patere contendit, etc.,” Cic. Rosc. Com. 2, 5; v. the passage in connection; cf. id. ib. 3, 9: in codicis extremā cerā (i. e. upon the last tablet), Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 36. § “92: referre in codicem,” id. Sull. 15, 44.—
D. A code of laws: Codex Theodosianus, Justinianus, etc.; cf. Dict. of Antiq. s. v.