previous next
caelestis (coel- ), e (
I.gen. sing. CAELESTAE, Inscr. Neapol. 2602; abl. sing. regularly, caelesti: “caeleste,Ov. H. 16, 277; id. M. 15, 743; cf.: bimestris, cognominis, perennis, patruelis, etc.; gen. plur. caelestum, but caelestium, Enn. Epigr. v. 9 Vahl.; Att. ap. Cic. N. D. 3, 26, 68, or id. Trag. Rel. v. 209 Rib.; Varr. L. L. 6, § 53 Müll.; Lucr. 6, 1274; Cat. 64, 191; 64, 205; Verg. A. 7, 432; Ov. M. 1, 150), adj. caelum, pertaining to heaven or to the heavens, found in heaven, coming from heaven, etc., heavenly, celestial (class. and very freq.): “ignis fulminis,Lucr. 2, 384; cf.: “turbine correptus et igni,id. 6, 395: “flammae,id. 5, 1093: “urbes igne caelesti flagrasse,Tac. H. 5, 7: “arcus,the rainbow, Plin. 11, 14, 14, § 37; Suet. Aug. 95: “nubes,Ov. A. A. 2, 237: “aqua,rain, Hor. C. 3, 10, 20; cf. “aquae,id. Ep. 2, 1, 135; Liv. 4, 30, 7; Col. 3, 12, 2; 7, 4, 8; Plin. 17, 2, 2, § 14; Dig. 39, 3, 1: “imbres,Col. 3, 13, 7: “templa,Lucr. 5, 1203; 6, 388; 6, 671: “solum,Ov. M. 1, 73: “plagae,id. ib. 12, 40 al.: “astra,id. ib. 15, 846: “aërii mellis dona,Verg. G. 4, 1: “prodigia,Liv. 1, 34, 9; cf. “minae,Tac. H. 1, 18: caelestia auguria vocant cum fulminat aut tonat, Paul. ex Fest. p. 64, 8 Müll.: “fragor,Quint. 12, 10, 4: “orbes, quorum unus est caelestis,Cic. Rep 6, 17, 17.—Subst.: caelestĭa , ĭum, n., the heavenly bodies: “cogitantes supera atque caelestia, haec nostra, ut exigua et minima, contemnimus,Cic. Ac. 2, 41, 127; Tac. H. 5, 4; id. A. 4, 58.—
II. Meton.
A. Divine; and subst., the deity (most freq. like caeles in plur.), the gods.
1. Adj., numen, Cat. 66, 7; Tib. 3, 4, 53; Ov. M. 1, 367: “animi,Verg. A. 1, 11: aula, Ov F 1, 139: irae. Liv. 2, 36, 6: “ira,Sen. Herc. Oet. 441: “origo,Verg. A. 6, 730: “ortus,Quint. 3, 7, 5: “stirps,Ov. M. 1, 760; cf. “species,id. ib. 15, 743: “nectar,id. ib. 4, 252; cf. “pabula,id. ib. 4, 217: “sapientia,Hor. Ep 1, 3, 27: “auxilium,of the gods, Ov. M. 15, 630: “dona,id. ib. 13, 289 al.: “cognitio caelestium et mortalium,Quint. 1, 10, 5; cf. id. 10, 1, 86.— * Comp neutr.: “nihil est caelesti caelestius,Sen. Ep. 66, 11
2. Subst.: caelestis , is, m., a deity: quicumque dedit formam caelestis avarae, Tib 2, 4, 35.—Mostly plur., the gods: “divos et eos qui caelestes semper habiti colunto,Cic. Leg. 2, 8, 19: “caelestum templa,Lucr. 6, 1273: “in concilio caelestium,Cic. Off. 3, 5, 25; so id. Phil. 4, 4, 10; Liv. 1, 16, 7; 9, 1, 3; Tac. G. 9; id. H. 4, 84; Cat. 64, 191; 64, 205; 68, 76; Tib. 1, 9, 5; Verg. A. 1, 387; 7, 432; Ov. M. 1, 150; 4, 594; 6, 72, 6, 171.—
3. Caelestis , is, f., a female divinity in Carthage, Tert. Apol. 24, Capitol. Pert. 4, 2; Macrin. 3, 1; Treb. Pol. Trig. Tyr. 29, 1.—
B. As in most languages, an epithet of any thing splendid or excellent, celestial, divine, god-like, magnificent, preeminent, etc. (so most freq. since the Aug. per., esp. as a complimentary term applied to eminent persons and their qualities; “in Cic. only once): caelestes divinaeque legiones,Cic. Phil. 5, 11, 28: “quem prope caelestem fecerint,Liv. 6, 17, 5: “ingenium,Ov. A. A. 1, 185: “mens,id. F. 1, 534: “in dicendo vir (sc. Cicero),Quint. 10, 2, 18; cf.: “caelestissimum os (Ciceronis),Vell. 2, 66, 3: “ju dicia,Quint. 4 prooem. § 4Spald.: praecepta,Vell. 2, 94, 2: “anima,id. 2, 123: “animus,id. 2, 60, 2: “caelestissimorum ejus operum,id. 2, 104, 3: quos Elea domum reducit Palma caelestes, glorified, like the gods, Hor C. 4, 2, 18.—Adv. not in use.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: