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chlămys , ydis (chlămyda , ae, as cassida = cassis, al., App. M. 10, p. 253, 31; 11, p. 269, 11; and perh. Varr. ap. Non. p. 539, 9, where, however, chlamyda may be acc. Gr. from chlamys), f., = χλαμύς,
I.a broad, woollen upper garment worn in Greece, sometimes purple, and inwrought with gold, worn esp. by distinguished milit. characters, a Grecian military cloak, a state mantle, Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 13; id. Ep. 3, 3, 51; id. Mil. 5, 30; id. Ps. 2, 4, 45; 4, 7, 88; Cic. Rab. Post. 10, 27; Verg. A. 5, 250; 9, 582; 11, 775; Ov. M. 5, 51; 14, 345; 14, 393.—Hence also, the cloak of Pallas, Verg. A. 8, 588; Suet. Calig. 25.—Sometimes also worn by persons not engaged in war, e. g. by Mercury, Ov. M. 2, 733; “by Dido,Verg. A. 4, 137; “by Agrippina,Tac. A. 12, 56 (in Plin. 33, 3, 19, § 63, instead of it, paludamentum); “by children,Verg. A. 3, 484; Suet. Tib. 6; cf. Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 69; “by actors,Auct. Her. 4, 47, 60; App. Flor. 15; “by the chorus in tragedy,Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 40.
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