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circŭlus , i, m. (contr. circlus , like vinclum = vinculum, Verg. G. 3, 166) [kindred with κίρκος, κύκλος, circinus],
I.a circular figure, a circle: circulus aut orbis, qui κύκλος Graece dicitur, Cic. N. D. 2, 18, 47: “muri exterior,Liv. 36, 9, 12: “circulus ad speciem caelestis arcūs orbem solis ambiit,Suet. Aug. 95.—
B. Esp.
1. In astronomy, a circular course, orbit: “stellae circulos suos orbesque conficiunt celeritate mirabili,Cic. Rep. 6, 15, 15: “aequinoctialis, solstitialis, septentrionalis,Varr. L. L. 9, § 24; Ov. M. 2, 516: “lacteus,the Milky Way, Plin. 2, 25, 23, § 91; 18, 29, 69, § 230: “signifer,Vitr. 6, 1, 1; 9, 8, 8.—
2. In geog., a zone or belt of the eartb's surface: “plura sunt segmenta mundi, quae nostri circulos appellavere, Graeci parallelos,Plin. 6, 34, 39, § 212 sqq.—
C. Trop., of time: “mensis artiore praecingitur circulo,Sen. Ep. 12, 6. —
II. Meton.
A. Any circular body; a ring, necklace, hoop, chain, Verg. A. 5, 559; 10, 138; id. G. 3, 166; Plin. 14, 21, 27, § 132; Suet. Aug 80.—
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