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circŭm-ĕo or circŭĕŏ (v. circum, III.; Neue, Formenl. 2, p. 736 sq.), īvi or ii, circuĭtum, īre (
I.inf. pass. circumirier, Plaut. Curc. 3, 81), v. n. and a.
I. Prop., to go around, travel or march around, etc. (class.): sparsis Medea capillis Bacchantum ritu flagrantes circuit aras, Ov. M. 7, 258: “per hortum circuit,makes a circuit, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 152; cf. Nep. Eum. 9, 2: “si rectum limitem rupti torrentibus pontes inciderint, circumire cogemur,Quint. 2, 13, 16: an quasi mare omnes circumimus insulas? i. e. from one to another (cf. circum, II. C.), Plaut. Men. 2, 1, 6: “alvearia,Col. 9, 9: “fines equis,id. 1, 3: “praedia,Cic. Caecin. 32, 94: “haec una opera circuit per familias,Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 53: “qui imperavit ei, ut omnes fores aedificii circumiret,Nep. Hann. 12, 4: “urbem,Liv. 23, 25, 2: “Marcio et Atilio Epirus, Aetolia et Thessalia circumeundae assignantur... Lentuli circumeuntes Peloponnesi oppida, etc.,id. 42, 37, 3 and 7: “haud ignarus erat circuitam ab Romanis eam (Hispaniam) legatis,id. 21, 22, 1: “Civilis avia Belgarum circumibat,Tac. H. 4, 70: “manibus nexis trunci modum,to surround, Ov. M. 8, 748: “non potuere uno anno circumirier,Plaut. Curc. 3, 81: “proximis insulis circuitis,Suet. Aug. 98: “equites circumitis hostium castris Crasso renuntiaverunt,Caes. B. G. 3, 25: “circuitis templis,Suet. Ner. 19 al.: “at pater omnipotens ingentia moenia caeli Circuit,Ov. M. 2, 402: “circueunt unum Phineus et mille secuti Phinea,surround, id. ib. 5, 157 (cf. circum, II. E.): Leucada continuam veteres habuere coloni; “nunc freta circumeunt,flow around it, id. ib. 15, 290: “more lupi oves,id. P. 1, 2, 20: “metam ferventi rotā,avoids, id. A. A. 3, 396.—
B. Esp.
1. To surround, encircle, enclose, encompass.
2. To go from one to another, soliciting, canvassing, admonishing, etc., qs. to go the rounds (stronger than ambire, which signif. to go to this one and that; most freq. after the Aug. per.; “in Cic. perh. only once, in his epistt.): itaque prenso amicos, supplico, ambio domos stationesque circumeo,Plin. Ep. 2, 9, 5: “(Antonium) circumire veteranos, ut acta Caesaris sancirent,Cic. Att. 14, 21, 2; Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 11, 2: “Quinctilius circumire aciem Curionis atque obsecrare milites coepit,Caes. B. C. 2, 28: “sed ipse Romulus circumibat docebatque,Liv. 1, 9, 14; 1, 47, 7; 3, 47, 2: “ille Persarum tabernacula circumire, hortari,Curt. 5, 9, 17; Tac. A. 2, 29; Plin. Pan. 69, 2; Suet. Aug. 56; id. Tib. 11: “rex agmen circuibat pedes,Curt. 7, 3, 17; cf.: “cui orbem terrarum circumire non erit longum meā causā,Plin. Ep. 7, 16, 4; 2, 9, 5.—
II. Trop.
B. Like our circumvent, to deceive, impose upon, cheat, Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 109: “facinus indignum, Sic circumiri,Ter. Phorm. 4, 3, 9: “puerum arte dolosā,Mart. 8, 59, 14.—
C. Of discourse, to express by circumlocution (postAug.): “res plurimae carent appellationibus, ut eas necesse sit transferre aut circumire,Quint. 12, 10, 34; 8, prooem. § 24 Spald.; “8, 2, 17: Vespasiani nomen suspensi et vitabundi circumibant,went around, avoided mentioning it, Tac. H. 3, 37.
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