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clāmo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. and
I.a. [Sanscr. kar-, to celebrate; Gr. καλέω, κλητός; cf.: clarus, classis, nomenclator, concilium].
I. Neutr., to call, cry out, shout aloud, to complain with a loud voice, vociferari (class. and very freq.; mostly of human beings): populus convolat; Tumultuantur, clamant, pugnant de loco, Ter. Hec. prol. alt. 33: “dic mihi, Non clamas? non insanis?id. Ad. 4, 7, 9; cf. id. ib. 5, 3, 3; id. Phorm. 4, 3, 59: “clamare de pecuniā,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 7, § 17 al.—Of a vehement bawling before a tribunal: “qui quid in dicendo posset, numquam satis attendi: in clamando quidem video eum esse bene robustum atque exercitatum,Cic. Div. in Caecil. 15, 48.—In comedy, of snoring: dormit Sceledrus intus? Lu. Non naso quidem: “Nam eo magnum clamat,Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 10 al.
b. Transf., of animals and things; “of geese: anseres, qui tantummodo clamant, nocere non possunt,Cic. Rosc. Am. 20, 57.—Of the chirping of a cricket: “(cicada) multo validius clamare occoepit,Phaedr. 3, 16, 7.—Of the roaring of waters, the rustling of trees, etc., Sil. 4, 526; 9, 516; Stat. Th. 10, 94: “clamant amnes, freta, nubila silvae,id. ib. 11, 116.— “Also of abstract things (cf. under II. B.): et non ulla meo clamat in ore fides?” i. e. does my sincerity never plainly proclaim itself in my voice? Prop. 1, 18, 18.—But esp. freq.,
II. Act., to call or cry aloud to something or some one, to proclaim, declare, to invoke, call upon, etc., = exclamare; constr. with acc. of the person or thing, or a clause as object, in direct and (more freq.) in indirect discourse.
(α). With acc.: e somno pueros clamo, Lucil. ap. Diom. p. 372 P.; so, “janitorem,Plaut. As. 2, 3, 11: “comites,Ov. M. 6, 106: “matrem ore,id. ib. 5, 398; cf.: “ora clamantia nomen,id. ib. 8, 229; “11, 665: morientem nomine,Verg. A. 4, 674.—With two accs.: “se causam crimenque,Verg. A. 12, 600: “me deum,Prop. 3 (4), 9, 46.te insanum,Hor. S. 2, 3, 130: “aliquem furem,id. Ep. 1, 16, 36; Curt. 4, 16, 15.—With acc. rei: “divūm atque hominum fidem,Plaut. Aul. 2, 4, 20: “aquas,Prop. 4 (5), 8, 58.triumphum,Ov. Am. 1, 2, 25: “Saturnalia,Liv. 22, 1, 20: “pulchre! bene! recte!Hor. A. P. 428.—
(β). With a clause as object, in direct discourse (mostly poet.): “ad me omnes clamant: Janua culpa tua est,Cat. 67, 14; so Ov. F. 4, 452; Hor. S. 2, 3, 62; id. Ep. 1, 17, 48; 1, 19, 47; id. A. P. 460; Suet. Caes. 82; Sen. Ep. 27, 1 al.
(δ). With final clause: “clamare coeperunt, sibi ut haberet hereditatem,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 19, § 47; Dig. 29, 5, 1, § 55: “clamans in hostem, ne rex Croesus occideretur,Gell. 5, 9, 2.—
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