previous next
-ercĕo , cui, cĭtum, 2, v. a. arceo,
I.to enclose something on all sides or wholly, to hold together, to surround, encompass: “qui (mundus) omnia complexu suo coërcet et continet,Cic. N. D. 2, 22, 58; cf. id. ib. 2, 40, 101; Ov. M. 1, 31: “quā circum Galli lorica coërcet,where the Gallic coat of mail encloses, Lucr. 6, 954; cf. “of a band holding the hair together,Ov. M. 1, 477; 2, 413; Hor. C. 2, 19, 19; 1, 10, 18: “est animus vitaï claustra coërcens,holding together the bands of life, Lucr. 3, 396.—
B. Esp. with the access. idea of hindering free motion by surrounding; to restrain, confine, shut in, hold in confinement, repress (freq. and class.): “(amnis) nullis coërcitus ripis,Liv. 21, 31, 11; cf. Ov. M. 1, 342: “(aqua) jubetur ab arbitro coërceri,to be kept in, repressed, Cic. Top. 9, 39 (cf., just before, the more usual arcere, v. arceo, II.); Dig. 43, 22, 1, §§ 6 and 8; “47, 11, 10: impetum aquarum,Curt. 8, 13, 9.—Of pruning plants: “vitem serpentem multiplici lapsu et erratico, ferro amputans coërcet ars agricolarum,Cic. Sen. 15, 52; “so of the vine,Col. 3, 21, 7; 4, 1, 5; Quint. 9, 4, 5; cf. id. 8, 3, 10.—Hence, sacrum (lucum), to trim, clip, Cato, R. R. 139: “quibus (operibus) intra muros coërcetur hostis,Liv. 5, 5, 2: “(mortuos) noviens Styx interfusa coërcet,Verg. A. 6, 439; cf.: “Tantalum atque Tantali Genus coërcet (Orcus),Hor. C. 2, 18, 38: “carcere coërcere animalia,Plin. 10, 50, 72, § 141: “Hypermnestra ... gravibus coërcita vinclis,Ov. H. 14, 3; cf.: eos morte, exsilio, vinclis, damno coërcent, Cic. Off. 3, 5, 23: “aliquem custodiā,Dig. 41, 1, 3, § 2: “Galliae Alpibus coërcitae,Plin. 12, 1, 2, § 5: “miles coërcitus in tot receptis ex potestate hostium urbibus,Liv. 36, 24, 7.—Poet.: Messapus primas acies, postrema coërcent Tyrrhidae juvenes, hold together, i. e. command, lead on, Verg. A. 9, 27.—
II. Trop.,
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: