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cŏlor (old form cŏlos , like arbos, clamos, honos, etc., Plaut. Mil. 4, 4, 43; Lucr. 6, 208; 6, 1073; Sall. C. 15, 5, acc. to Prob. II. pp. 1456 and 1467 P.; Plin. 13, 15, 30, § 98; 35, 11, 42, § 150), ōris, m. root cal-, to cover; cf.: caligo, occulere, calyx,
I.color, hue, tint.
I. Lit.
2. Meton.
b. Flowers of varied colors: “aspice quo submittat humus formosa colores,Prop. 1, 2, 9; Val. Fl. 6, 492.—
B. Specif., the natural color of men, the complexion, tint, hue: “qui color, nitor, vestitus,Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 11: “formae autem dignitas coloris bonitate tuenda est, color exercitationibus corporis,Cic. Off. 1, 36, 130: “venusti oculi, color suavis,id. Tusc. 5, 16, 46: “verus (opp. to paint),Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 27 Don.; cf. Ov. A. A. 3, 164; “and fucatus,Hor. Epod. 12, 10: “senex colore mustellino,Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 22: “niveus,Hor. C. 2, 4, 3: “albus,fair, Ov. M. 2, 541: “egregius,Cic. Fin. 2, 20, 64: “verecundus,Hor. Epod. 17, 21; cf.: “vide Num ejus color pudoris signum indicat,Ter. And. 5, 3, 7: colorem mutare, to change or lose color (on account of any excitement of the passions, from shame, fear, pain, etc.), to blush, etc., Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 38; cf. Cic. Clu. 19, 54: “color excidit,Ov. M. 2, 602: “perdere,id. ib. 3, 99: “adeo perturbavit ea vox regem, ut non color, non voltus ei constaret,Liv. 39, 34, 7.—*
b. Prov.: “homo nullius coloris,an unknown man, Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 99 (like the phrase: albus an ater sit; v. albus).—
2. Sometimes for beautiful complexion, fine tint, beauty: “o formose puer, nimium ne crede colori,Verg. E. 2, 17: “quo fugit Venus, heu, quove color?Hor. C. 4, 13, 17; Ov. H. 3, 141.—
II. Trop.
A. In gen., color, i.e. external form, state, condition, position, outward show, appearance (predominant in rhet.; v. 2.; elsewh. rare, and mostly poet.): “amisimus omnem non modo sucum ac sanguinem, sed etiam colorem et speciem pristinam civitatis,Cic. Att. 4, 16, 10: “vitae,Hor. S. 2, 1, 60; cf.: omnis Aristippum decuit color et status et res, every color became him, i. e. he accommodated himself to every condition, id. Ep. 1, 17, 23: novimus quosdam, qui multis apud philosophum annis persederint, et ne colorem quidem duxerint, have not acquired even the outward appearance, i.e. have imbibed or learned nothing, Sen. Ep. 108, 5; cf. Quint. 10, 1, 59: omnia eundem ducunt colorem; “nec Persis Macedonum mores adumbrare nec Macedonibus Persas imitari indecorum,Curt. 10, 3, 14 Vogel ad loc. —
2. A class, fashion, kind.
b. Esp., of diction, character, fashion, cast, coloring, style: “ornatur igitur oratio genere primum et quasi colore quodam et suco suo,Cic. de Or 3, 25, 95; cf. id. ib. 3, 52, 199: “non unus color prooemii, narrationis, argumentorum, etc.,Quint. 12, 10, 71: “qui est, inquit, iste tandem urbanitatis color?Cic. Brut. 46, 171: “color dicendi maculis conspergitur,Quint. 8, 5, 28; cf.: “color totus orationis,id. 6, 3, 110: “simplicis atque inaffectati gratia,id. 9, 4, 17: “tragicus,Hor. A. P. 236: “operum colores,id. ib. 86.—
B. Pregn. (cf. supra, 1. B. 2.), a beautiful, brilliant quality or nature, splendor, lustre, brilliancy (freq. only in rhet. lang.): “nullus argento color est avaris Abdito terris,Hor. C. 2, 2, 1.—
2. Of diction.
b. In a bad sense, t. t., an artful concealment of a fault, a pretext, palliation, excuse, Quint. 4, 2, 88 Spald.; 6, 5, 5; 10, 1, 116; 11, 1, 81; 12, 1, 33; cf. Sen. Contr. 3, 21; 3, 25: “res illo colore defenditur apud judicem, ut videatur ille non sanae mentis fuisse, etc.,Dig. 5, 2, 5: sub colore adipiscendae possessionis, Cod. Th. 3, 6, 3; Juv. 6, 280.
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