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commūnĭco (conm- ), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. (
I.dep. access. form, communicati sint = communicaverint, Liv. 4, 24, 2) [communis].
I. To divide something with one, whether in giving or receiving.
A. In giving, to divide a thing with one, to communicate, impart, to share; esp. freq. of imparting in discourse (very freq. in all periods); constr. usu. aliquid cum aliquo; also inter aliquos, alicui, aliquem aliquā re. cum aliquo de aliquā re and absol.
(γ). Alicui aliquid, or de aliquā re (in Cic. only when the other party sharing is expressed by cum and abl.; cf. “Krebs, Antibarb. p. 250): quibus communicare de maximis rebus Pompeius consuerat,Caes. B. C. 3, 18 (Dinter, ex conj., quibuscum): “hisque omnium domus patent victusque communicatur,id. B. G. 6, 23 fin.; “so with redditur,id. ib. 6, 13: “sibi communicatum cum alio, non ademptum imperium esse,Liv. 22, 27, 8 Weissenb. ad loc.: “id aut ereptum illis est, aut certe nobis cum illis communicatum,Cic. Brut. 73, 254; cf. id. Div. in Caecil. 4, 14 Halm ad loc.; Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 2, § 5; id. Rosc. Am. 49, 142; Mamert. Pan. Max. 10; Cic. Pis. 39, 94 Ascon.—*
2. Transf. of things: aliquid cum aliquā re, to join to an equal part, to unite: “viri, quantas pecunias ab uxoribus dotis nomine acceperunt, tantas ex suis bonis cum dotibus communicant,Caes. B. G. 6, 19: “privabo potius illum debito testimonio, quam id cum meā laude communicem,Cic. Ac. 2, 1, 3; id. Fam. 12, 2, 1.—
3. In late Lat.: cum aliquo or alicui, to have intercourse with an inferior: “ne cum peregrinis communicarent,Just. 36, 2, 15: “malis,with evil-disposed persons, Aug. Ep. 162: “ne communices homini indocto,Vulg. Ecclus. 8, 5.—Also alicui rei, to take part in, Vulg. 1 Tim. 5, 22.—
B. In receiving, to share something with one, to lake or receive a part, to partake, participate in (also class.).
(γ). Alicui (late Lat.): “altari Christi,to receive the sacrament, Aug. Ep. 162; id. contra Cresc. 3, 36.—
II. In Tertull., acc. to communis, II., to make common, i. e. low, base, to contaminate, defile, Tert. Spect. 17; id. Patient. 8.
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