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consĭlĭum , ii, n. from con and root sal-; Sanscr. sar-; cf. consul,
I.deliberation, consultation, a considering together, counsel (cf. concilium; very freq. in all periods and species of composition).
I. Prop.: “consulta sunt consilia,are finished, at an end, Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 7: “quid in consilio consuluistis?id. Bacch. 1, 1, 6 Ritschl: “consilium volo capere unā tecum,Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 66: “neque pol consili locum habeo neque ad auxilium copiam,id. And. 2, 1, 20: “cum aliquo consilia conferre,Cic. Phil. 2, 15, 38 (v. confero, I. B.): “saepe in senatu consilia versata sunt,Quint. 12, 2, 21; 7, 4, 2: “quasi vero consilii sit res, et non necesse sit, etc.,as if the matter were yet open for deliberation, Caes. B. G. 7, 38; cf. Nep. Con. 4, 2: “quid efficere possis, tui consilii est,is for you to consider, Cic. Fam. 3, 2, 2: “vestrum jam consilium est. non solum meum, quid sit vobis faciendum,id. ib. 14, 14, 1: quid aetati credendum sit, quid nomini, magni consilii est, id. Att. 15, 12, 2; cf.: “nihil mihi adhuc accidit, quod majoris consilii esset,id. ib. 10, 1, 3: “in consilio habere,Quint. 8, 2, 23: “fit publici consilii particeps,Cic. Cat. 1, 1, 2; cf. Quint. 12, 3, 1; 3, 8, 4: “nocturna,Sall. C. 42, 2: “arcanis ut interesset,Liv. 35, 18, 2 et saep.—
II. Meton.
A. In abstr.
1. A conclusion made with consideration, a determination, resolution, measure, plan, purpose, intention, Quint. 6, 5, 3; cf.: “consilium est aliquid faciendi aut non faciendi excogitata ratio,Cic. Inv. 1, 25, 36; 2, 9, 31: “certum,Ter. And. 2, 3, 16: “callidum,id. ib. 3, 4, 10: “ut sunt Gallorum subita et repentina consilia,Caes. B. G. 3, 8: “aliquid communi consilio agere,id. ib.: “consilium communicaverunt perfeceruntque,Suet. Calig. 56: “aedificandi consilium abicere,Cic. Att. 5, 11, 6; Liv. 33, 41, 5; Tac. A. 4, 4: “deponere,Caes. B. C. 3, 103.—And of the purpose. as opp. to the act, etc.: “quod initio scripsi, totius facti tui judicium non tam ex consilio tuo quam ex eventu homines esse facturos,Cic. Fam. 1, 7, 5: “quasi exitus rerum, non hominum consilia, legibus vindicentur,id. Mil. 7, 19: “mentem peccare, non corpus, et unde consilium afuerit culpam abesse,Liv. 1, 58, 9. —Often with epithets characterizing the person who forms the purpose, etc.: “amentissimum,Cic. Att. 7, 10 init.: “audax,Liv. 25, 38, 18; 35, 32, 13: “fortissima cousilia,id. 25, 38, 18: “fidele,Cic. Agr. 2, 3, 5; Curt. 6, 4, 8: “providens,Gell. 3, 7, 8: “malum,id. 4, 5, 5: “temerarium,Vell. 2, 120, 2: “incautum,Cic. Att. 8, 9, 3: “lene,Hor. C. 3, 4, 41: “praeceps,Suet. Aug. 8: “repudio quod consilium primum intenderam,Ter. And. 4, 3, 18: “eo consilio, uti frumento Caesarem intercluderet,Caes. B. G. 1, 48; 2, 9; Cic. Fin. 1, 21, 72 fin.; Sall. C. 57, 1: “quo consilio huc imus?Ter. Eun. 5, 7, 1; “also: hoc consilio ut,Nep. Milt. 5, 3: privato consilio, on one's own account (opp. publico consilio, in the name or behalf of the state): “qui contra consulem privato consilio exercitus comparaverunt,Cic. Phil. 3, 6, 14; Caes. B. C. 3, 14; Nep. Pelop. 1, 2.—Sometimes absol. consilio adverbially, intentionally, designedly: “casu potius quam consilio,Cic. Fam. 5, 2, 8: “consul, seu forte, seu consilio, Venusiam perfugit,Liv. 22, 49, 14; 35, 14, 4; Verg. A. 7, 216.—
b. Esp. in the phrases,
(γ). Freq. consilium est, with and without inf., I purpose: “ita facere,Plaut. Mil. 2, 3, 73; Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 44; Cic. Att. 5, 5, 1; Sall. C. 4, 1; 53, 6; Liv. 21, 63, 2; Sall. H. Fragm. 4, 61, 16 Dietsch. —Rarely with ut: “ut filius Cum illà habitet ... hoc nostrum consilium fuit,Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 41: “ea uti acceptā mercede deseram, non est consilium,Sall. J. 85, 8; and absol.: “quid sui consilii sit, ostendit,Caes. B. G. 1, 21.—Hence,
c. In partic., in milit. lang., a warlike measure, device, stratagem: consilium imperatorium quod Graeci στρατήγημα appellant, Cic. N. D. 3, 6, 15; so Caes. B. G. 7, 22; Nep. Dat. 6, 8; id. Iphicr. 1, 2; cf.: “opportunus consiliis locus (= insidiis),Quint. 5, 10, 37.—
b. Poet., transf., of inanim. things: “consilii inopes ignes,indiscreet, Ov. M. 9, 746: “vis consili expers,Hor. C. 3, 4, 65; id. S. 2, 3, 266.—
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