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constantĭa , ae, f. 1. constans.
I. A firm standing, steadiness, firmness, immutability, unchangeableness, constancy, perseverance (in good prose; “esp. freq. in Cic.): (stellarum) perennes cursus atque perpetui cum admirabili incredibilique constantiā,Cic. N. D. 2, 21, 55; cf. id. ib. § “56, and 3, 9, 23: dictorum conventorumque,id. Off. 1, 7, 23; cf. “promissi,id. Att. 4, 19 (17), 1: “tantā constantiā vocis atque voltūs,Nep. Att. 22, 1: perseverantia constantiaque oppugnandi, Auct. B. Alex. 26.—
2. Firmness of character, steadfastness, immovability, constancy, self - possession: “is, qui moderatione et constantiā quietus animo est sibi ipse placatus, ut nec tabescat molestiis, etc.,Cic. Tusc. 4, 17, 37; cf. id. ib. 4, 17, 38: “Catoni cum incredibilem tribuisset natura gravitatem, eamque ipse perpetuā constantiā roborasset semperque in proposito susceptoque consilio permansisset, etc.,id. Off. 1, 31, 112: “si soceri Scauri constantiam (ceperis),Cic. Verr. 1, 17, 52: “benevolentiam, non ... ardore quodam amoris, sed stabilitate potius et constantiā judicemus,id. Off. 1, 15, 47: “firmamentum constantiae est fides,id. Lael. 18, 65: “hinc constantia, illinc furor,id. Cat. 2, 11, 25; id. Sest. 41, 88; id. Phil. 7, 4, 14; id. Off. 1, 28, 98; Nep. Thras. 1, 1; Hor. Epod. 15, 15; Liv. 42, 62, 11: “de eorum fide constantiāque dubitatis?Caes. B. G. 7, 77; Brut. ap. Cic. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 16, 10: “animi,Ov. M. 11, 293: “morum,Tac. H. 3, 86; id. A. 13, 30 fin.; Sen. Const. Sap. 1, 1 sqq.: sunt et alia ingenita quaedam adjumenta vox, latus, patiens laboris valetudo, constantia, decor, i. e. natural firmness, intrepidity, Quint. prooem. § 27 Meyer.; cf. id. 6, prooem. § 11; 12, 5, 2.— Acc. to the notions of the Stoics, = εὐπάθεια; in plur.: sic quattuor perturbationes sunt, tres constantiae ( = εὐπαθείας τρεῖς, Diog. L. 7, 115), Cic. Tusc. 4, 6, 14; cf. Aug. Civ. Dei, 14, 8.
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