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consterno , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. strengthened collat. form of 1. consterno, acc. to II..
I. To stretch upon the ground, to overcome: “pecorum in modum consternatos (Gallos) caedunt fugantque,Liv. 38, 17, 7.—Far more freq., esp. after the Aug. per. (not in Cic., Hor., or Quint.),
II. To bring into confusion, to perplex; to terrify, alarm, affright, dismay, overwhelm with terror, etc.
2. Transf., of animals, to make afraid, to frighten, startle; and pass.: consternari, to be frightened, to become shy: “consternantur equi,Sall. H. 1, 96 Dietsch; Ov. M. 2, 314; id. F. 5, 310: “equos,Liv. 37, 41, 10: “equo ex odore cadaveris consternato,Suet. Ner. 48: “taurus securis ictu consternatus,id. Galb. 18.—
B. In partic., to excite to sedition or revolt: “eam multitudinem conjuratorum ad arma consternatam esse,Liv. 7, 42, 3 Weissenb. ad loc.: “ad arma,id. 21, 24, 2; 34, 3, 6 al.
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