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contractĭo , ōnis, f. contraho,
I.a drawing together, contraction (in good prose; most freq. in Cic.).
I. Lit.: “contractio et porrectio digitorum,Cic. N. D. 2, 60, 150: “bracchii (opp. projectio),id. Or. 18, 59: “superciliorum (opp. remissio),id. Off. 1, 41, 146: “frontis,id. Sest. 8, 19: “umerorum (opp. allevatio),Quint. 11, 3, 83: “nervorum,a contraction, cramp, Scrib. Comp. 255; “without nervorum,Plin. 20, 17, 73, § 191: bonorum, i. e. consolidation, Gai Inst. 2, 155.—Hence,
B. Transf., an abridging, shortening, abridgment, shortness: “paginae,Cic. Att. 5, 4, 4: syllabae, shortening in pronunciation (opp. productio), id. de Or. 3, 50, 196: “orationis (opp. longitudo),id. Part. Or. 6, 19.— *
II. Trop.: animi in dolore, dejection, undue depression, despondency (opp. effusio animi in laetitiā), Cic. Tusc. 4, 31, 66; cf. id. ib. 4, 6, 14: animos demittunt et contrahunt; v. contraho, II. B.
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