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-mens , entis,
I.adj., out of one's mind or senses; mad, raving; foolish (cf. amens) (class. and very freq.; for syn. cf.: amens, excors, vecors, insanus, vesanus, delirus, alienatus mente): qua perturbatione animi quae, sanus cum esset, timebat ne evenirent, ea demens eventura esse dicebat, Cic. Div. 2, 55 fin.: “summos viros desipere, delirare, dementes esse dicebas,id. N. D. 1, 34, 94 (for which, delirare et mente esse captum, id. Off. 1, 27, 94): “ego te non vecordem, non furiosum, non mente captum, non tragico illo Oreste aut Athamante dementiorem putem,id. Pis. 20, 47; cf. “Orestes,Hor. S. 2, 3, 133 and 135; 1, 6, 97; 1, 10, 74; id. Od. 1, 37, 7; Juv. 15, 1: “Pentheus,Verg. A. 4, 469: “in tranquillo tempestatem adversam optare dementis est,Cic. Off. 1, 24, 83; cf. id. Rep. 1, 1: “quem fugis, ah, demens?Verg. E. 2, 60: “non tacui demens,id. A. 2, 94 et saep.—
II. Poet. transf., of inanimate subjects: “manus,Tib. 1, 10, 56: “somnia,Prop. 3, 8, 15 (4, 7, 15 M.): “furor,id. 1, 13, 20: “discordia,Verg. A. 6, 280: “falx,id. ib. 3, 7: “strepitus,Hor. Od. 3, 19, 23: “cura alieni pericli,Val. Fl. 6, 474: cf. “ratio,Nep. Paus. 3, 1: “otium,Plin. 2, 23, 21, § 85.—Sup.: “causa dementissimi consilii,Cic. Phil. 2, 22, 53; Auct. Harusp. resp. 26.—Adv.: dēmenter , foolishly, madly (rare): tanta res tam dementer credita, * Cic. Cat. 3, 9, 22; Ov. M. 4, 259: “dementissime testabitur,Sen. Ben. 4, 27 fin.
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