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-mĭnŭo , ui, ūtum, 3,
I.v. a., to lessen by taking from, i. e. to make smaller, to lessen, diminish (cf. diminuo, to break up into small parts—freq. and class.).
II. Trop.
A. In gen., to take away from, abate, lessen, etc.: “de hujus praesidiis deminuturum putavit,Cic. Sull. 1, 2: “neque de tanta voluptate et gratulatione quicquam fortuna deminuerat,Caes. B. G. 1, 53, 6: “aliquid de jure aut de legibus,id. ib. 7, 33; Liv. 8, 34: “de sua in Aeduos benevoientia,Caes. B. G. 7, 43, 4: “de libertate mea,Cic. Planc. 38: “ex regia potestate,Liv. 2, 1: “alicui timor studia deminuit,Caes. B. C. 2, 31, 4: “partem aliquam juris,Cic. Caecin. 2, 5; cf. Liv. 4, 24: “sententiam hujus interdicti (coupled with inflrmata),Cic. Caecin, 13, 38: “dignitatem nostri collegii,id. Brut. 1: “potentiam,Caes. B. G. 1, 18, 8: “lenitatem imperitantis,Tac. A. 16, 28: “curam,Prop. 2, 18, 21 (3, 10, 21 M.) al.: se capite deminuere, to lose or forfeit civil rights, be deprived of citizenship, Cic. Top. 4, 18; 6, 29; Liv. 22, 60, 15; cf. caput, no. III. 1. b.—
B. Esp. in grammat. lang., to form into a diminutive: “sacellum ex sacro deminutum est,Gell. 6, 12, 6: deminuuntur adverbia, ut primum, primule; longe, longule, etc., Don. p. 21 Lind. N. cr. Cf.: deminutus, deminutio, and deminutivus.— Hence, dēmĭnūtus , a, um, P. a. (very rare), diminished, small, diminutive.
A. In gen.: “deminutior qualitas,Tert. adv. Marc. 2, 9.—
B. In grammat. lang., diminutive, ὑποκοριστικός (for which, later, deminutivus): pro nomine integro positum sit deminutum (viz. in the expression magnum peculiolum), Quint. 1, 5, 46.
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