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dēmĭnūtĭo , ōnis, f. deminuo,
I.a diminution, decrease, lessening, abatement (good prose).
I. Lit.: “accretio et deminutio luminis,Cic. Tusc. 1, 28: “civium,id. Cat. 3, 10, 24: “vectigalium,id. Agr. 1, 7, 21: “de bonis privatorum,id. Off. 2, 21, 73; cf.: tanta de imperio, Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 5, 4: “multari imperatorem deminutione provinciae,” i. e. by shortening his term of command, Cic. Prov. Cons. 15 fin.
II. Trop.
A. In gen.: “alicujus libertatis,Cic. Agr. 2, 7: muliebre fastigium in deminutionem sui accipiens (sui, i. e. his own dignity), Tac. A. 1, 14: mentis, a being out of one's senses (shortly before, alienata mens), Suet. Aug. 99 fin.: “honor aut deminutio,” i. e. dishonor, Plin. 34, 13, 38, § 137.—
B. Esp. (legal t. t.), the right of alienation of one's estate: “uti Feceniae Hispalae datio deminutio esset,Liv. 39, 19, 5 (Weissenb. ad loc.).—
C. Public. t. t.: capitis deminutio, the loss or forfeiture of civil rights, Caes. B. C. 2, 32, 9; Gai. Inst. 1, 160 sq.; Dig. 28, 3, 6, § 6; 25, 3, 7, § 1; Ulp. Reg. 10, 3; cf. Dig. 38, 17, 1: Poste Gai. p. 108; Sandars, Just. Inst. Introd. 40 sq.; v. Caput, III. 1. b. —
D. In grammat. lang., a diminutive form, Quint. 1, 6, 6; cf. ib. 4; Charis. p. 73 P.; 128 P. et saep.
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