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-nuntĭo (-cĭo ), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. Orig. t. t. in the lang. of pub. law, relig., and jurispr.,
I.to give an official intimation, to make an official announcement or declaration of one's intentions (by means of a messenger, herald, etc.); to announce, intimate, declare, = nuntiando declarare; and with a foll. ut or merely the subjunctive, to intimate, order, command (for syn. cf.: edico, indico, narro, nuntio, refero, defero, renuntio, enuntio, dico).
I. Prop.
A. Polit. lang.
(α). With acc.: “ut omne bellum, quod denuntiatum indictumque non esset, id injustum esse atque impium judicaretur,Cic. Rep. 2, 17; “so with indictum,id. ib. 2, 23 fin. (Fragm. ap. Isid. Orig. 18, 1, 3); id. Off. 1, 11, 36; cf.: “quos senatus ad denuntiandum bellum miserat,id. Fam. 12, 24: “utrum paucorum ea denuntiata an universae civitatis essent,Liv. 24, 37 fin.
(β). With acc. and inf.: “quod sibi Caesar denuntiaret, se Aeduorum injurias non neglecturum, etc.,Caes. B. G. 1, 36, 6: “cum se scire quae fierent denuntiaret,id. ib. 5, 54; Liv. 45, 1 fin. et saep. —And with inf. alone: “denuntiat centurionibus exsequi caedem,Tac. A. 11, 37.—
B. In relig. lang.
C. In jurid. lang.
(α). Alicui testimonium, to summon a witness: “si accusator voluerit testimonium eis denuntiare,Cic. Rosc. Am. 38, 110 (cf.: “denuntiatio testimonii,id. Fl. 6, 14); so, “testibus: quoniam duo genera sunt testium, aut voluntariorum aut eorum, quibus in judiciis publicis lege denuntiatur,Quint. 5, 7, 9; cf. ib. § 15; Plin. Ep. 6, 5, 2.—Absol.: “non denuntiavi,Cic. Fl. 15, 35.—
(β). To give notice of a suit or process, Dig. 5, 3, 20, § 6 fin.: “de isto fundo, Cic. Caecin., 32, 95: in foro denuntiat fundum illum suum esse,id. ib. 7, 19.—
(γ). Litem denuntiare, to summon for immediate trial (late Lat.), Symm. Ep. 10, 52; Aur. Vict. Caes. 16, 11.—
II. Transf. beyond the technical sphere, to announce, intimate, declare; to denounce, menace, threaten; with ut, or merely the subjunct., to intimate, order, command. —
A. Of personal subjects.
(β). With acc. and inf.: “Sex. Alfenus denuntiat, sese procuratorem esse,Cic. Quint. 6, 27; cf. id. Phil. 6, 3 (with testificor and ante praedico): “cum se ad omnia, de quibus quisque audire vellet esse paratum denuntiaret,id. de Or. 1, 22, 103; id. Rep. 3, 11 fin. et saep.—
(γ). With a relative clause: “denuntiasti homo adulescens, quid de summa reipublicae sentires,Cic. Planc. 22.—
(δ). With ut: mihi Lupus noster subito denuntiavit, ut ad to scriberem, Cic. Fam. 11, 25.—(ε) With simple subjunctive, = moneo, praedico, ante denuntio, abstineant, etc., Cic. Verr. 1, 12 fin.—(ζ) With de: “de isto fundo,Cic. Caecin. 32 fin.—(η) Absol.: “monente et denuntiante te,Cic. Fam. 4, 3; id. Quint. 17. —
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