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-prĕhendo or dēprendo (v. prehendo; cf. Quint. 9, 4, 59), di, sum, 3, v. a.
I. To take or snatch away, esp. any thing which is in motion; to seize upon, catch (freq. and class.—For syn. cf.: invenio, reperio, nanciscor; offendo, aperio, patefacio, detego; incido, consequor, assequor, etc.).
A. Lit.: “deprehensus ex itinere Cn. Magius,Caes. B. C. 1, 24, 4: “in ipso fluminis vado deprehensus,id. B. G. 5, 58, 6: “in agris,id. ib. 6, 30: “in ponte,Sall. C. 45: “nuntiorum pars deprehensa,Caes. B. G. 5, 45; cf.: “deprehensis internuntiis,id. B. C. 3, 112 fin.: tabellarios deprendere litterasque intercipere, Cassius ap. Cic. Fam. 12, 12; and: “litterae deprehensae,intercepted, Liv. 2, 4: “onerarias naves,to seize, take possession of, Caes. B. C. 1, 36, 2; so id. B. G. 7, 58, 4; id. B. C. 1, 26 al.: “volucres jaculis,Sil. 16, 566: “cursu deprendere telum,Stat. Th. 6, 568: “subito deprehensus locutus est,taken by surprise, Sen. Ep. 11, 1.—
B. Transf. of inanimate subjects. So, esp. freq. of storms: “deprensa navigia,caught, overtaken by, Lucr. 6, 429; cf. Catull. 25, 13; Verg. A. 5, 52; id. G. 4, 421; Ov. M. 11, 663; Curt. 7, 4 et saep.—
II. In a wider sense, to catch, overtake, surprise, apprehend, detect, find out, discover any one, esp. in doing any thing wrong.
A. Lit.: “deprehendi in aliquo manifesto scelere,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 43; so, “in maximo scelere,Sall. C. 46, 2; 50, 4: “in facinore manifesto,Cic. Brut. 68 fin.: “in alio maleficio,id. Inv. 2, 4, 14: “in adulterio,id. de Or. 2, 68, 275; Vulg. Johan. 8, 3 et saep.: “dolis deprehensus,Plaut. Bac. 4, 9, 26: “nocte ferro deprehensus,Quint. 7, 6, 8: “sine duce et sine equitatu deprehensis hostibus,Caes. B. G. 7, 52, 2: “(mulier) deprensa,caught in the act, Hor. S. 1, 2, 131; 134; 1, 4, 114: “in mendacio,Quint. 5, 7, 30: “aliquos flentes,id. ib. 7, 9, 11: agendi subita necessitate deprehensi, id. 1, 12, 4; 1, 8, 21: “aliquem occisum, Suet,Caes. 35 et saep.—
b. Of inanimate objects: “venenum,Cic. Clu. 7, 20; cf. id. ib. 16, 47 sq.; Liv. 42, 17: “res furtiva in domo deprehensa,Quint. 5, 13, 49; cf. “sacrilegium,id. 8, 6, 26.—
B. Trop.
1.
2. To overtake, equal, imitate: “juvenemque puer deprehende parentem,Stat. S. 4, 4, 74.—
3. To find, discover, come upon (always implying mental action, post-Aug.): “extra carmen non deprendas,Quint. 1, 5, 18: “quod in epistolis Augusti deprehenditur,id. 1, 7, 22; 8, 6, 71: “apud Ciceronem mira figurarum mixtura deprehenditur,id. 9, 3, 40.—
III. With the predominant idea of restricting the free movement of an object, to impede, to check, to bring into a strait.
A. Lit.: “inter quas (latebras) deprehensus hostis,Curt. 7, 4, 4: “in fovea,id. 5, 3, 19: “flamina deprensa silvis,” i. e. impeded, confined, Verg. A. 10, 98: “viae deprensus in aggere serpens,id. ib. 5, 273; cf. id. ib. 8, 247; Quint. 12, 2, 14. —
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