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-sīdĕro , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. etym. dub.; cf. considero, long for, greatly wish for, to desire something not possessed (freq. and class.—for syn. cf.: opto, requiro, expeto, appeto, affecto, cupio, concupisco, aveo, gestio, capto, volo).
B. Meton. (effectus pro causa), to lose something; and more freq. pass., to be missing, to be lost: “in eo proelio non amplius CC milites desideravit,Caes. B. C. 3, 99; cf. id. ib. 3, 71: “ut nulla navis desideraretur,id. B. G. 5, 23, 3; 7, 11, 8 et saep.: “neque quicquam ex fano praeter unum signum desideratum est,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 44; Vell. 2, 52, 6: “ex peditibus triginta,Curt. 3, 29, 27.—
C. With the notion of inquiring, searching; to investigate, examine, discuss (rare): “sequitur ut morbo laborantibus remedia desiderentur,Col. 9, 13, 1: “examina,id. 9, 8, 1.—Impers.: “antequam desideraretur,before the question should be raised, Vitr. 2, 6, 4.—Hence,
1. dēsīdĕrans , antis, P. a., in Sup. desiderantissimus, in the later writers for desideratissimus, as a term of endearment, heart's desire, best beloved: “vale, domine dulcissime, desiderantissime,Fronto Ep. 5, 40; M. Aur. ib. 1, 5; “L. Aur. Verus,ib. 2, 8; Inscr. Orell. 4644.— Adv.: dēsīdĕranter , acc. to no. I., with desire, eagerly (late Lat.): “appetere,Cassiod. Var. 1, 4.—Comp.: “quanto desiderantius desideras,Fronto Ep. ad Ver. Imp. 13.—
2. dēsīdĕrātus , a, um, P. a., wished for, longed for, welcome (very rare): “et veniet desideratus cunctis gentibus,Vulg. Aggaei, 2, 8: blandissima et desideratissimi promissa. Plin. 30, 1, 1, § 2: “fratres desideratissimi,Vulg. Philip. 4, 1; “and in inscrr. applied to a beloved person: FILIO DESIDERATISSIMO,Inscr. Orell. 5068; id. Grut. 681, 2 al.
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