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dis-solvo , solvi, sŏlūtum, 3, v. a.,
I.to loosen asunder, to unloose, disunite, separate, dissolve, destroy (freq. and class.).
I. Lit.
A. In gen.: “facilius est apta dissolvere quam dissipata conectere,Cic. Or. 71, 235: “opus ipsa suum eadem quae coagmentavit natura dissolvit,id. de Sen. 20, 72: “dissolvunt nodos omnes et vincla relaxant,Lucr. 6, 356: “contextum,id. 1, 243: “stamina,Tib. 1, 7, 2: “ornatus comae,id. 1, 10, 62: “capillum,Plin. 28, 7, 23, § 78: “sparta navium,id. 24, 9, 40, § 65: “pontem,Nep. Them. 5, 1 et saep.: “nubila ventis,Lucr. 6, 514; cf. “nubes (ventus, with diducit),id. 6, 216: “glaciem (sol),to melt, id. 6, 964: “aes (fulmen),id. 6, 352: “corpora (vis),id. 1, 224: “se (venti vortex),id. 6, 446: “tenebras luce,Varr. L. L. 6, § 79 Müll.: “dissolutum navigium vel potius dissipatum,Cic. Att. 15, 11, 3; so, “navem,Phaedr. 4, 22, 10; Ov. Tr. 4, 8, 18: “stomachum,” i. e. to loosen, relax, Plin. 20, 23, 96, § 256: “ilia sua visu,Petr. 24, 5: “resinam omnem oleo,Plin. 14, 20, 25, § 123: collegia, Suet. Aug. 32: “cohortem Germanorum,id. Galb. 12 et saep.: “animam,” i. e. to die, Lucr. 3, 601; cf. id. 456; Cic. Tusc. 1, 11, 24.—
B. In partic.
1. In mercant. lang., to pay, discharge what one owes: “dinumerando solvere: aes alienum praediis venditis,Cic. Sull. 20, 56; id. Off. 2, 2, 4; Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 44: “nomen,Cic. Planc. 28: “omne quod debuit,id. Rosc. Com. 13, 38: “quae debeo,Ter. Ph. 4, 3, 50: pecuniam pro iis rebus, * Caes. B. C. 1, 87, 1: “pecuniam publicam ulli civitati,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 75: “poenam,to pay a fine, id. Tusc. 1, 42, 100; cf.: “dissolvere et compensare damna,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 13: “vota,id. Att. 15, 11 fin.; Cat. 66, 38.—*
b. Mid., transf. to the person: quarum (possessionum) amore adducti dissolvi nullo modo possunt, free or release themselves from debt, Cic. Cat. 2, 8, 18.—
2. In medic. lang., like digerere, discutere, to discuss, dissipate morbid matter, Plin. 20, 12, 48, § 122; 24, 6, 14, § 23; 24, 9, 38, § 60 al.
II. Trop., to dissolve, abolish, abrogate, annul, destroy.
B. In partic.
2. (Acc. to I. B. 1. b.) To release, disengage one: “obsecro, dissolve jam me,Plaut. Merc. 1, 2, 54; id. Poen. 1, 1, 20; Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 102.—Hence, dissŏ-lūtus , a, um, P. a., unloosed, loose, disconnected.
A. Of discourse: alterum nimis est vinctum, ut de industria factum appareat; “alterum nimis dissolutum, ut pervagatum ac vulgare videatur,Cic. Or. 57, 195; Quint. 2, 11, 7; 8, 6, 62 al.—Hence, subst.: dissolūtum , i, n., a gram. fig., i. q. ἀσύνδετον, asyndeton, Auct. Her. 4, 30, 41; Cic. de Or. 3, 54, 207 (also ap. Quint. 9, 1, 34).—
a. Acc. to A., loosely, disconnectedly: “dicere demptis conjunctionibus,Cic. Or. 39, 135.—
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