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dis-tendo (and vulg. distenno ), di, tum (in late Lat. also distensus, Coripp. Joann. 7, 324; but in Auct. B. Alex. 45, 2, the right reading is dispersis), 3, v. a.,
I.to stretch asunder, stretch out, extend (not freq. till after the Aug. per.; not in Cic.).
I. Lit.: “dispennite hominem divorsum et distennite,Plaut. Mil. 5, 14; cf.: “Tityos novem Jugeribus distentus erat,Ov. M. 4, 458: “brachia,id. ib. 4, 491: “corpus temonibus,Col. 6, 19 fin.: aciem, * Caes. B. C. 3, 92, 2; cf.: “copias hostium,Liv. 2, 23: “hostes,id. 34, 29: “sagum,Suet. Oth. 2: “in currus distentum illigat Mettum,Liv. 1, 28; so, “utramque manum in latus,Quint. 11, 3, 114: pontem in agros, Lue. 4, 140.—Pass. in mid. force: “haec per octoginta sex milia distenduntur,extend, Mart. Cap. 6, § 661.—
B. Meton.
1. (Effectus pro causa.) To swell out, distend, i. e. to fill, e. g. with food: “ventres,Plaut. Cas. 4, 1, 19: “ubera cytiso,Verg. E. 9, 31; cf.: “ubera lacte,id. ib. 4, 21; “and transf.: capellas lacte,id. ib. 7, 3: “ducem (i. e. bovem) denso pingui,id. G. 3, 124: “cellas nectare,id. A. 1, 433; cf.: “horrea plena spicis,Tib. 2, 5, 84.—
2. (Causa pro effectu.) To torture by distention: “tormento aliquem,Suet. Tib. 62; cf. Vulg. Heb. 11, 35.—
II. Trop.: “velut in duo pariter bella curas hominum,to divide, Liv. 27, 40; cf.: “curam vilicae,Col. 12, 46, 1: “sedulitatem vilici,id. 1, 6, 8: “animos,to distract, perplex, Liv. 9, 12 fin.; Vulg. Eccl. 3, 10.— Hence, distentus , a, um, P. a. (acc. to I. B. 1.), distended, i. e. filled up, full: “ubera,Hor. Epod. 2, 46; cf.: “distentum cruribus uber,Ov. M. 13, 826: “distentius uber,Hor. S. 1, 1, 110: “distentus ac madens,stuffed full, Suet. Claud. 33; cf. Plin. Pan. 49, 6.
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