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dūrĭtĭa , ae (also rarely dūrĭtĭes , Cels. 3, 24; 6, 18, 6 al.;
I.acc.: duritiem, * Lucr. 4. 268; Cat. 66, 50; Ov. M. 1, 401; 4, 751; id. H. 4, 85 Jahn. N. cr.; abl.: “duritie,Plin. Pan. 82, 6; Suet. Ner. 34), f. durus, hardness.
I. Lit.
B. Esp., in medic. lang., induration: “praecordiorum,Cels. 3, 24: “alvi,Suet. Ner. 34: “vulvarum,Plin. 28, 19, 77, § 250 al.—In the plur., Plin. 23, 4, 40, § 82 sq.; 28, 15, 60, § 212; 25, 5, 22, § 55; 28, 17, 70, § 234 al.—
2. Of wine, hardness, harsh flavor, opp. suavitas, Plin. 14, 7, 9, § 74.—
II. Trop.
A. (Acc. to durus, II. A.) A severe mode of life, rigor, austerity: in parsimonia atque in duritia atque industria omnem adolescentiam meam abstinui, agro colendo, etc., Cato ap. Fest. S. V. REPASTINARI, p. 281, 23 Müll.; Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 75; id. Truc. 2, 2, 56; * Caes. B. G. 6, 21, 3; Cic. Tusc. 5, 26, 74; id. Part. 23, 81; Sall. J. 100, 5; Tac. A. 6, 34; Plin. Pan. 82, 6 al.; cf. “transf.: qui patientiam et duritiam in Socratico sermone maxime adamārat,Cic. de Or. 3, 17. —
2. Absence of feeling, insensibility: “eam animi duritiam, sicut corporis, quod cum uritur non sentit, etc.,Cic. Dom. 36, 97; cf. id. ib. 38, 101: “duritiā ferrum ut superes adamantaque,Ov. H. 2, 137; “so in eccl. Lat. freq. cordis,Vulg. Matt. 19, 8; and duritia alone: “populi,id. Deut. 9, 27.—
B. (Acc. to durus, II.) Harshness, strictness, rigor: tua duritia antiqua, * Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 26; Prop. 3, 12, 20 (4, 11, 20 M.).—Poet.: “duritiae mihi non agerere reus,Ov. Tr. 1, 8, 46; cf.: “oris, qui depudere didicerat,Sen. Const. Sap. 17.—
C. (Acc. to durus, II. B.) Hardness, oppressiveness, severity: “duritia lenitasve multarum (legum),Suet. Claud. 14; so, “imperii,Tac. H. 1, 23: “operum,id. A. 1, 35; cf.: “caeli militiaeque,id. ib. 13, 35.
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