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ē-mendo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. mendum,
I.to free from faults, to correct, improve, amend (cf. corrigo—class.; “not in Caes.): tota civitas emendari et corrigi solet continentia principum,Cic. Leg. 3, 13, 30; cf. Quint. 2, 2, 7; 2, 4, 14; 9, 3, 89: “leviter tuum consilium (with conformare),Cic. Mur. 29: “consuetudinem vitiosam,id. Brut. 75: “vitia adolescentiae multis virtutibus,Nep. Them. 1: “facta priora novis,Ov. F. 4, 596: “res Italas legibus,Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 3: “legem severius,Suet. Aug. 34: “sucos acerbos in pomis,Ov. Med. Fac. 5; cf. “terram terrā,Plin. 17, 5, 3, § 41: “bovem cubitorem fame et siti,Col. 6, 2, 11: “angorem animi (sui),Amm. 14, 10, 2.—Esp. freq. of correcting, emending language (oral or written), Cic. Att. 2, 16 fin.; id. Or. 46; Quint. 2, 2, 7; 8, 2, 4 et saep.—In medic. lang., like corrigere, for to cure: “alopecias,Plin. 20, 13, 50, § 129: “tussim,id. 20, 16, 62, § 170: “albugines oculorum,id. 32, 7, 24, § 70: “cicatrices,id. 36, 21, 42, § 156 et saep. —
II. In post-class. lang. in partic., to correct by punishment, to chastise: “libertum non obsequentem aut verbis aut fustium castigatione,Dig. 1, 16, 9, § 3; Lampr. Alex. Sev. 51; Lact. Mort. Pers. 22 al.— Hence, ēmendātus , a, um, P. a., faultless, perfect, pure: “mores,Cic. Lael. 17, 61; cf. “vir,Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 30; Plin. Ep. 3, 3, 5: “e. et Latina locutio,Cic. Brut. 74; cf. Quint. 1, 5, 1; 33; 2, 4, 15 al.: “opus,Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 92: “aquae,id. 36, 15, 24, § 121.—Comp.: “mulier,Petr. 126, 13: “vita,Dig. 4, 3, 11.— Sup.: “homo (with optimus),Plin. Ep. 8, 22, 2: libri, Quint. Ep. ad Tryph. § 3; cf.: “correcta et emendata maxime,Cic. Ac. 1, 4, 13.—Adv.: ēmendāte , faultlessly, perfectly, purely: “loqui, scribere, etc.,Cic. Opt. Gen. 2; Quint. 8, 1, 2; 8, 3, 1; Hirt. B. G. 8 prooem. § 6; Vitr. 10, 11.—Comp.: “facere capillum,Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 58; Quint. 1, 6, 19 Zumpt.
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