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ĕpŭlum , i, n., and in the plur. heterocl. ĕpŭlae , ārum (EPULAM antiqui etiam singulariter posuere, Paul. ex Fest. p. 82, 14 Müll.), f. etym. dub.; perh. contr. from edipulum, from edo,
I.sumptuous food or dishes (cf.: daps, commissatio, convivium, cena, etc.).
II. In gen., a sumptuous meal, a banquet, feast (in the sing. usually of banquets held on religious festivals or other public occasions, or which were given to a number of persons; cf. 1. epulo, II.).
A. Sing.: “Jovis epulum fuit ludorum causa,Liv. 25, 2 fin.; cf. id. 27, 36; 31, 4 fin.; 33, 42 fin.; Val. Max. 2, 1, 2; Gell. 12, 8, 2: “funebre,Cic. Vat. 12 sq.; cf. Liv. 39, 46: “epulum dare,Cic. Mur. 36; Vell. 2, 56; Tac. H. 1, 76; Hor. S. 2, 3, 86 et saep.; “(with visceratio),Suet. Caes. 38; cf. the foll. Of a feast in general, Suet. Aug. 98; Juv. 3, 229. —
B. Plur.
2. Esp., less freq. of banquets on religious or public festivals (cf. A.), Cic. Leg. 2, 25, 63; id. Fl. 38, 95; Hor. C. 3, 8, 6; cf. “(with viscerationes),Cic. Off. 2, 16; Vulg. Esth. 8, 17 al.
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