previous next
ergā ,
I.praep. [syncop. for e-regā, from ex and root rag-, to reach upward, be upright; cf. ergo, v. Corss. Ausspr. 1, 448 sqq.], over against, opposite to (cf.: adversus, versus, contra, e regione, e contrario).
I. Lit., of locality (ante- and post-classical and rare): “quae med erga aedes habet,” i. e. opposite me, Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 55 (al. modo erga): “erga regiam,App. Dogm. Plat. p. 9, 21.—
II. Trop.: aliquem, more rarely aliquid, of feelings and conduct towards a person.
A. Of friendly feelings, etc. (so mostly in class. lang.): “erga et in hoc differunt: fere enim erga ad affectum refertur, quasi erga illum benignus: in ad simultatem, quasi in illum sum saevus,Charis. p. 208 P.; cf. Prisc. p. 989: ut eodem modo erga amicum affecti simus, quo erga nosmet ipsos ... ut nostra in amicos benevolentia illorum erga nos benevolentiae pariter respondeat, Cic. Lael. 16; cf. id. Fin. 1, 20, 68; Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 47; id. Trin. 3, 1, 18: “erga aliquem benevolus,id. Capt. 2, 2, 100; cf. id. Mil. 4, 6, 15; id. Rud. 5, 3, 33; Cic. de Or. 2, 43, 182; 2, 49, 201; Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 49; id. Cist. 1, 1, 111; cf. Cic. Fam. 1, 9: “divina bonitas erga homines,id. N. D. 2, 23, 60: “perpetua erga populum Romanum fides,Caes. B. G. 5, 44, 4; cf. id. B. C. 1, 84, 3; 2, 17, 2 et saep.: “te oro per mei te erga bonitatem patris,Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 48; so, “te erga,Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 24: “med erga,Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 56: “se erga,Ter. Heaut. 1, 2, 15: “amicum erga,Plaut. Trin. 5, 2, 4; cf. “the following.—Relating to things: cum in universam rem publicam, tum etiam erga meam salutem fide ac benevolentia singulari,Cic. Prov. Cons. 1, 1; cf. id. Att. 8, 3, 2; Plin. Pan. 50, 4; Tac. A. 4, 20 al.
III. In post-Aug. authors (esp. in Tacitus) in gen. of every kind of mental relation to a person or thing, to, towards, in respect to: “anxii erga Sejanum, cujus durior congressus,Tac. A. 4, 74: “erga Germanicos exercitus laudes gratesque,id. H. 2, 55 fin.; id. A. 11, 25 fin.: “prisco erga duces honore,id. ib. 3, 74 fin.; cf. Plin. Pan. 55, 3: “suprema erga memoriam filii sui munera,Tac. A. 3, 2; id. H. 1, 20: “atrociore semper fama erga dominantium exitus,id. A. 4, 11; Amm. 16, 10; v. Hand Turs. II. pp. 437-440.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: