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error , ōris, m. id.,
I.a wandering.
I. In gen., a wandering, straying or strolling about (rare and mostly poet.).
A. Lit.: “ad quos Ceres m illo errore venisse dicitur,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 49, § 108: “error ac dissipatio civium (sc. mercatorum),id. Rep. 2, 4, 7 Mos. (cf. erratio, I.): navium pars ex errore eodem conferebatur, Auct. B. Afr. 11; cf. Ov. H. 16, 29; id. M. 14, 484; id. Tr. 4, 10, 100; Verg. A. 1, 755; 6, 532 et saep.—Transf., of the motion of atoms, Lucr. 2, 132; of the meanderings of rivers, Ov. M. 1, 582; of the mazes of the labyrinth, id. ib. 8, 161; 167.—
B. Trop., a wavering, uncertainty: “fluctuat incertis erroribus ardor amantum,Lucr. 4, 1077: nec, quid corde nunc consili capere possim, Scio, tantus cum cura meo est error animo, Plaut. Merc. 2, 3, 13; cf. Liv. 9, 15; 45; 27, 47; Ov. F. 5, 362 al.; so, too, with obj. gen.: “viarum,uncertainty, ignorance, Liv. 24, 17; cf. “veri,Tac. H. 2, 72.—
II. In partic., a wandering from the right way, a going astray.
A. Lit. (very seldom): “reduxit me usque ex errore in viam,Plaut. Ps. 2, 3, 2; Curt. 5, 13 fin.
B. Trop., a departing from the truth, an error, mistake, delusion (class.; cf.: “erratum, vitium, peccatum): erroris ego illos et. dementiae complebo,Plaut. Am. 1, 2, 8: “opinionibus vulgi rapimur in errorem nec vera cernimus,Cic. Leg. 2, 17, 43; cf.: “inducere imperitos in errorem,id. Brut. 85, 293; Nep. Hann. 9, 3: “errore quodam fallimur in disputando,Cic. Rep. 3, 35: “si errorem velis tollere,id. ib. 1, 24: “errorem tollere,id. ib. 2, 10; id. Fin. 1, 11, 37: “deponere,id. Phil. 8, 11, 32: “eripere alicui,id. Att. 10, 4, 6: “demere,Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 140 et saep.: “mentis,” i. e. distraction, insanity, Cic. Att. 3, 13, 2; cf. Hor. A. P. 454; Verg. G. 3, 513; so poet. of other kinds of mental perturbation, as fear, Ov. F. 3, 555; “love,Verg. E. 8, 41; Ov. Am. 1, 10, 9; cf. ib. 1, 2, 35; id. M. 10, 342: aut aliquis latet error; “equo ne credite, Teucri,some deception, Verg. A. 2, 48; cf. Liv. 22, 1: “par forma aut aetas errorem agnoscentibus fecerat,Tac. A. 4, 63: “jaculum detulit error in Idam,Ov. M. 5, 90.—
(β). Esp., an error in language, a solecism, Quint. 1, 5, 47.—
(γ). Rarely a moral error, fault (cf. erro, I. B. 2.), Ov. Pont. 4, 8, 20; cf. id. ib. 2, 2, 57; 2, 3, 92.—
(δ). Error, personif., = Ἄτη, the inspirer of folly or judicial blindness, Ov. M. 12, 59.
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