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ex-cūso (excuss- ), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. causa; cf. accuso, from ad-causa; qs. to release from a charge, to free from blame; hence, excuse a person or thing.
I. Lit.
II. Transf.
A. Aliquid (alicui), i. q. se propter aliquid, to allege in excuse, to plead as an excuse, to excuse one's self with.
(β). With an object-clause: “si prehensi sumus, excusemus, ebrios Nos fecisse, etc.,Plaut. Aul. 4, 10, 19 (but in id. Merc. 2, 3, 126, the correct reading is incusato, v. Ritschl ad h. l.): excusanti, minus datum ad occultandam facinoris invidiam, Suet. Ner. 33; id. Aug. 69.—
B. Aliquem ab aliqua re, aliqua re, or alicui rei, to excuse, absolve one from any thing; to discharge, dispense with one (postAug.): “a coepta (tutela) excusari,Dig. 27, 1, 11: “collegarum filiorum tutela excusari,ib. 9; cf. Ambros. in Psa. 1, § 46: “cui excusari mallet,Tac. A. 1. 12; Vulg. Luc. 14, 19. But (class.): “se de aliqua re: legati venerunt, qui se de superioris temporis consilio excusarent, quod, etc.,Caes. B. G. 4, 22, 1.—
C. Se ab aliqua re, to shelter, protect one's self from any thing (post-class.): “ut invicom se a calore excusent (plantae),Pall. Nov. 7, 2. —Hence,
D. Aliquid aliqua re, to compensate, atone for any thing (post-Aug. and rare): “nefas armis,Claud. de Bell. Get. 562; Stat. Th. 6, 44; Plin. Pan. 32, 4.—Hence, excūsātus , a, um, P. a., excused (postAug. and rare): “hoc et ego excusatior, si forte sum lapsus, et tu dignior laude,Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 11; 4, 5, 4: “excusatissimus essem, etiamsi, etc.,Sen. Const. Sap. 29.—Adv.: excūsātē , without blame, excusably: “fieri id videtur excusate,Quint. 2, 1, 13.—Comp.: “quod exoratus excusatius facies,Plin. Ep. 9, 21, 3; Tac. A. 3, 68; Just. 32, 2.
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