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ex-pendo , di, sum, 3, v. a.,
I.to weigh out, weigh.
I. Lit.
A. In gen. (very rare): “aliquem,Plaut. As. 2, 2, 34: “ut jam expendantur, non numerentur pecuniae,Cic. Phil. 2, 38, 97: “bacam, nucem,Cels. 5, 19, 12.—With abl. of that against which any thing is weighed: “hunc hominem decet auro expendi,” i. e. is worth his weight in gold, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 1.—Poet.: “ibat et expenso planta morata gradu,measured, Prop. 2, 4, 6 (16).—
B. In partic., to weigh out money in payment, to pay out, pay; to lay out, expend (class.; “syn.: pendo, impendo, pondero, solvo, luo): ante pedes praetoris in foro expensum est auri pondo centum,Cic. Fl. 28, 68: “nummos nominibus certis,Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 105: “usuras gravissimas,Dig. 19, 1, 47: “viginti milia talenta in hos sumptus,Just. 12, 11.—With abl.: “aurum auro expendetur, argentum argento exaequabitur,Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 43. —
2. In the part. perf. as a neutr. subst.: expensum , i, money paid, a payment: “bene igitur ratio accepti atque expensi inter nos convenit,of debt and credit, Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 146; id. Truc. 1, 1, 54: “in codicem expensum et receptum referre,Cic. Rosc. Com. 3: “probari debere pecuniam datam consuetis modis, expensi latione, mensae rationibus, chirographi exhibitione, etc.,Gell. 14, 2, 7.—Esp. freq.: ferre alicui expensum or pecuniam expensam, to set down, enter, charge, reckon, account a sum as paid (opp. accipio): “quod minus Dolabella Verri acceptum retulit quam Verres illi expensum tulerit ... quid proderat tibi te expensum illis non tulisse?Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 39, §§ “100 and 102: haec pecunia necesse est aut data aut expensa lata aut stipulata sit,id. Rosc. Com. 5, 14: pecunias ferre (opp. acceptas referre), Auct. B. Alex. 56, 3: homines prope quadringentos produxisse dicitur, quibus sine fenore pecunias expensas tulisset, had set down, i. e. lent, Liv. 5, 20, 6.—Rarely transf., of other things: legio, quam expensam tulit C. Caesari Pompeius, i. e. transferred, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 4; for which also: expenso ferre vestem supellectilis nomine, Dig. 33, 10, 19.
II. Trop.
B. (Acc. to I. B. 1.) To pay a penalty, suffer a punishment (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): poenas Jovi expendisse (shortly after, in prose, poenas pendens), Att. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 10, 23; cf.: “infanda per orbem Supplicia et scelerum poenas expendimus omnes,Verg. A. 11, 258: “dignas poenas pro talibus ausis,Sil. 13, 698: “poenas capite,Tac. A. 12, 19: “dura supplicia,Sil. 6, 588.—Hence, to pay for, expiate: “scelus,Verg. A. 2, 229: “dignum pretium Poeno,Sil. 7, 713.—
C. (Cf. I. B. 2.) Ipsam facilitati suae expensum ferre debere, i. e. have to ascribe to, Dig. 36, 4, 3: “creditores suae negligentiae expensum ferre debeant,ib. 42, 8, 24.—* expense , adv., largely, very much (late Lat.), Theod. Prisc. de Diaeta, 13.
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