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ex-specto (expect- ), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a.,
I.to look out for a thing (syn.: prospecto, opperior, maneo, moror, praestolor).
1. Objectively, to await, expect something that is to come or to take place, to be waiting for, etc. (very freq. and class.). —Constr. with the acc., with rel.-clauses, with dum, si, ut, quin, or absol.; very rarely with object-clause.
A. In gen.
1. With acc.: “caritatem,Cato, R. R. 3, 2: “alicujus mortem,Plaut. As. 3, 1, 28: “cum ea Scipio dixisset silentioque omnium reliqua ejus exspectaretur oratio,Cic. Rep. 2, 38: “injurias,id. ib. 1, 5: “transitum tempestatis,id. Att. 2, 21, 2: “adventum alicujus,Caes. B. G. 1, 27, 2; 2, 16, 2: “eventum pugnae,id. ib. 7, 49 fin.: “scilicet ultima semper Exspectanda dies homini est,Ov. M. 3, 136: “cenantes haud animo aequo Exspectans comites,” i. e. waiting till they have done eating, Hor. S. 1, 5, 9 et saep.; cf.: “exspectandus erit annus,I must wait a year, Juv. 16, 42. —
2. With relative and esp. interrogative clauses: exspectabat populus atque ora tenebat rebus, utri magni victoria sit data regni, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 48, 107 (Ann. s. 90, ed. Vahl.): “exspecto, quo pacto, etc.,Plaut. Poen. 4, 1, 1: “exspecto, quid ad ista,Cic. Tusc. 4, 20, 46; Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 38, § 92: “quid hostes consilii caperent, exspectabat,Caes. B. G. 3, 24, 1: “exspectante Antonio, quidnam esset actura,Plin. 9, 35, 58, § 121: “ne utile quidem, quam mox judicium fiat, exspectare,Cic. Inv. 2, 28, 85; so, “quid exspectas quam mox ego dicam, etc.,id. Rosc. Com. 15, 44: “et, quam mox signis collatis dimicandum sit, in dies exspectet,id. 34, 11, 4; 3, 37, 5: “exspectans, quando, etc.,Quint. 11, 3, 159.—
5. With object-clause: “cum expectaret effusos omnibus portis Aetolos in fidem suam venturos,Liv. 43, 22, 2 Weissenb. ad loc.: “venturum istum,Aug. Conf. 5, 6.—*
B. Transf., of an abstract subject, like maneo, to await: “seu me tranquilla senectus Exspectat seu, etc.,Hor. S. 2, 1, 58.
II. To look for with hope, fear, desire, expectation, to hope for, long for, expect, desire; to fear, dread, anticipate, apprehend.
2. Aliquid ab (rarely ex) aliquo (a favorite expression of Cicero): “a te hoc civitas vel omnes potius gentes non exspectant solum, sed etiam postulant,Cic. Fam. 11, 5, 3; cf. id. ib. 3, 10, 1: “dixi Servilio, ut omnia a me majora exspectaret,id. ib. 3, 12, 4: “alimenta a nobis,id. Rep. 1, 4: “ab aliquo gloriam,id. ib. 6, 19 fin.: “tristem censuram ab laeso,Liv. 39, 41, 2: “ut ex iis (proletariis) quasi proles civitatis exspectari videretur,Cic. Rep. 2, 22, 40.—
3. Aliquid ab or ex aliqua re (rare): “aliquid ab liberalitate alicujus,Caes. B. C. 2, 28, 3: “dedecus a philosopho,id. Tusc. 2, 12, 28: “omnia ex sua amicitia,id. ib. 3, 60, 1.—
4. Aliquid aliquem (very rare): ne quid exspectes amicos, quod tute agere possies, Enn. ap. Gell. 2, 29; Sat. v. 38 Vahl.—
5. With object-clause: “quid mihi hic adfers, quam ob rem exspectem aut sperem porro non fore?Ter. Phorm. 5, 9, 36: “exspecto cupioque te ita illud defendere,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 64, § 151.—With inf. alone (cf. cupio), Front. ad Ver. Imp. p. 137, ed. Rom.—
B. Poet. transf., of an abstr. subject, to have need of, require: “silvarumque aliae pressos propaginis arcus Exspectant,Verg. G. 2, 27: “neque illae (oleae) procurvam exspectant falcem rastrosque tenaces,id. ib. 2, 421; cf.: “lenta remedia et segnes medicos non exspectant tempora mea,Curt. 3, 5, 13.—Hence, exspectātus (expect- ), a, um, P. a. (acc. to II.), anxiously expected, longed for, desired, welcome (class.): “carus omnibus exspectatusque venies,Cic. Fam. 16, 7; cf.: “venies exspectatus omnibus,id. ib. 4, 10, 1; Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 11: “quibus Hector ab oris exspectate venis?Verg. A. 2, 282: “sensi ego in exspectatis ad amplissimam dignitatem fratribus tuis,who were expected to arrive at the highest dignities of the state, Cic. de Sen. 19, 68: “ubi te exspectatum ejecisset foras,” i. e. whose death is waited, longed for, Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 29 Ruhnk.—Comp.: “nimis ille potuit exspectatior venire,Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 12.—Sup.: “adventus suavissimus exspectatissimusque,Cic. Att. 4, 4 a: “litterae,id. Fam. 10, 5, 1: “triumphus,Hirt. B. G. 8, 51 fin.
b. In the neutr. absol.: “quis non diversa praesentibus contrariaque exspectatis aut speret aut timeat?Vell. 2, 75, 2: “hosti Ante exspectatum positis stat in agmine castris,before it was expected, Verg. G. 3, 348; so, “ante exspectatum,Ov. M. 4, 790; 8, 5; Sen. Ep. 114: “ille ad patrem patriae exspectato revolavit maturius,than was expected, Vell. 2, 123, 1.
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