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ex-stinguo (ext- ), nxi, nctum, 3 (archaic
I.perf. subj. exstinxit, for exstinxerit, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 43.—Contracted forms exstinxsti, Verg. A. 4, 682; Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 46, 193; “and exstinxem,Verg. A. 4, 606), v. a., to put out what is burning, to quench, extinguish (class.; esp. freq. in Cic. and in the trop. signif.).
I. Lit.: “recens exstinctum lumen,Lucr. 6, 791: “exstincta lumina,Cic. Fam. 4, 3, 2: “faces,Plin. 2, 103, 106, § 228: “lucernam,id. 31, 3, 28, § 49; cf.: “senes mori sic videntur ut sua sponte nulla adhibita vi consumptus ignis exstinguitur,goes out, Cic. de Sen. 19, 71: “ignem,Ov. F. 2, 712: “incendium,Cic. Fam. 4, 13, 2: “sol exstinguitur,id. Rep. 6, 22: exstincto calore ipsi exstinguimur, id. N. D. 2, 9, 23: “calx exstincta,” i. e. slaked, Vitr. 2, 5.—
B. Transf., to deprive of life or strength, to kill, destroy: “animam alicui,Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 16: “nolite, hunc jam natura ipsa occidentem velle maturius exstingui vulnere vestro,Cic. Cael. 32, 79; cf. id. N. D. 2, 9, 23: “juvenem fortuna morbo exstinxit,Liv. 8, 3, 7: “vir egregius exstinctus,cut off, Cic. Brut. 1, 1; id. Rep. 6, 14; Verg. E. 5, 20; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 14; Plin. 9, 8, 8, § 25; Tac. A. 3, 7 et saep.: “rapitur miser exstinguendus Messalinae oculis,Juv. 10, 332: “vel modico tepore sucus exstinguitur,” i. e. is dried up, Curt. 6, 4, 11: “mammas,Plin. 23, 2, 32, § 67: “odorem alii,to destroy, id. 19, 6, 34, § 113: “venena,to render powerless, id. 20, 17, 69, § 179: aquam Albanam dissipatam rivis, to consume, get rid of, an old prophecy in Liv. 5, 16, 9.—
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