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fĕrĭo , īre (archaic FERINVNT for feriunt; acc. to Fest. s. v. nequinunt, p. 162, 24 Müll.;
I.part. fut. feriturus, Serv. Verg. A. 7, 498. The perf. forms are supplied by percutio, v. Varr. L. L. 9, 55, § 98 Müll.), 4, v. a. perh. Sanscr. dhūr-, injure, destroy; Lat. ferus, ferox; Gr. θήρ; Aeol. φήρ; cf. Gr. θούριος, impetuous, θορεῖν, to leap; and Lat. furere, furia, etc., to strike, smite, beat, knock, cut, thrust, hit (class.; syn.: icio, percutio, verbero, vapulo, pulso, tundo, pavio).
I. Lit.
A. In gen.: “fores,to knock, Plaut. Men. 1, 2, 63; cf. “parietem,Cic. Cael. 24, 59: “murum arietibus,to batter, shake, Sall. J. 76, 6: “pugiles adversarium,Cic. Tusc. 2, 23 fin.: jacere telum, voluntatis est; “ferire quem nolueris, fortunae,to strike, id. Top. 17, 64: “partem corporis sibi,Lucr. 2, 441: “frontem,Cic. Att. 1, 1, 1: “femur,Quint. 11, 3, 123: “pectora solito plangore,Ov. M. 4, 554; cf.: “calce feritur aselli,id. F. 3, 755: uvas pede (rusticus), to stamp or tread, Tib. 2, 5, 85: “feriri a serpente,to be stung, Plin. 29, 4, 22, § 71; cf. Ov. Ib. 481: “cetera (venenata animalia) singulos feriunt,id. ib. 23: “tabulam malleo,Cels. 6, 7 fin.: stricto ferit retinacula ferro, cuts to pieces (shortly before: “incidere funes),Verg. A. 4, 580: certatim socii feriunt mare et aequora verrunt, strike, lash (in rowing), id. ib. 3, 290: ut frontem ferias, that you may beat your brow, i. e. be provoked, Cic. Att. 1, 1, 1.—Poet.: “sublimi feriam sidera vertice,hit, touch, Hor. C. 1, 1, 36; cf. in the foll. 2.—Absol.: “pugno ferire vel calce,Quint. 2, 8, 13; cf. Hor. S. 2, 7, 99: “occursare capro, cornu ferit ille, caveto,pushes, butts, Verg. E. 9, 25.—
B. In partic.
1. To kill by striking, to give a deathblow, to slay, kill: hostem, Enn. ap. Cic. Balb. 22, 51 (Ann. v. 284 ed. Vahl.); Sall. C. 7, 6; 60, 4; id. J. 85, 33; cf.: “aliquem securi feriri,to be beheaded, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 30, § 75: “aliquem telo trabali,Verg. A. 12, 295: “retiarium (mirmillo),Quint. 6, 3, 61: “te (maritum),Hor. C. 3, 11, 43: “leonem atque alias feras primus aut in primis ferire,Sall. J. 6, 1: “aprum,Ov. M. 3, 715.—
b. Of the animals for sacrifice, to kill, slaughter; and hence, to offer, sacrifice: “nos humilem feriemus agnam,Hor. C. 2, 17, 32: “vaccam Proserpinae,Verg. A. 6, 251; cf. the form of oath in making a compact (when a swine was sacrificed): SI PRIOR DEFEXIT (populus Romanus) PVBLICO CONSILIO DOLO MALO, TV ILLO DIE IVPPITER, POPVLVM ROMANVM SIC FERITO, VT EGO HVNC PORCVM HIC HODIE FERIAM: “TANTOQVE MAGIS FERITO, QVANTO MAGIS POTES POLLESQVE,Liv. 1, 24, 8: “Quid aut sponsoribus in foedere opus esset aut obsidibus, ubi precatione res transigitur? per quem populum fiat, quo minus legibus dictis stetur, ut eum ita Juppiter feriat, quemadmodum a Fetialibus porcus feriatur,id. 9, 5, 3. (Cf. also: “Jovis ante aram Stabant et caesā jungebant foedera porcă,Verg. A. 8, 641).— Hence,
2. Transf., foedus ferire, to make a compact, covenant, or treaty (in Hebrew in precisely the same manner, ): accipe daque fidem, foedusque feri bene firmum, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 33 ed. Vahl.): “is, quicum foedus feriri in Capitolio viderat,Cic. Rab. Post. 3, 6: “videret ut satis honestum foedus feriretur,id. Inv. 2, 30, 92: “amorum turpissimorum foedera ferire,to form illicit connections, id. Cael. 14, 34: “Tarchon jungit opes foedusque ferit,Verg. A. 10, 154 al.
3. Of money, to strike, stamp, coin: “asses sextantario pondere,Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 44. Thus the designation of a triumvir monetalis is III. VIR. A. A. A. F. F., i. e. Triumvir auro argento aeri flando feriundo, Inscr. Orell. 569.
II. Trop.
B. In partic., to cozen, cheat, gull, trick (mostly in vulg. lang.; “not in Cic.): ubi illa pendentem ferit, jam amplius orat,Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 19; Ter. Ph. 1, 1, 13: “cum ferit astutos comica moecha Getas,Prop. 4 (5), 5, 44.austeros arte ferire viros,id. 3, 3 (4, 2), 50.—
C. To punish, inflict punishment: aliquem condemnatione centum librarum auri, Cod. 11, 11, 1.
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