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fervĕo , bŭi, 2, or fervo , vi, 3 (the latter form ante-and post-class., Plaut. Pseud. 3, 2, 51; Lucr. 2, 41 al.; poet. in class. per., e.g. Verg. G. 1, 456; id. A. 8, 677; Prop. 2, 8, 32;
I.not in Hor.: si quis antiquos secutus fervĕre brevi media syllaba dicat, deprehendatur vitiose loqui, etc.,Quint. 1, 6, 7), v. n. root φρυ-, to wave, flicker; Sanscr. bhur-, be restless; cf. φρέαρ, Germ. Brunnen, Lat. fretum; v. Fick, Vergl. Wört. p. 140; Georg Curtius Gr. Etym. p. 304, to be boiling hot, to boil, ferment, glow (class.; most freq. in poets.; syn.: calere, aestuare, ebullire, ardescere, ignescere; ardere, flagrare, tepere).
I. Lit.
(β). Form fervo: fervit aqua et fervet: fervit nunc, fervet ad annum, Lucil. ap. Quint. 1, 6, 8: quando (ahenum) fervit, Titin. ap. Non. 503, 5: facite ut ignis fervat, Pomp. ap. Non. 504, 27: “postea ferve bene facito (brassicam): ubi ferverit, in catinum indito,Cato, R. R. 157, 9: “sol fervit,is hot, Gell. 2, 29, 10.—
(γ). In an uncertain form; “ferventem,Plin. 32, 5, 18, § 51: “fervere,id. 14, 9, 11, § 83.—
II. Poet. transf.
2. To be in a ferment, to swarm with numbers; to come forth in great numbers, to swarm forth: fervĕre piratis vastarique omnia circum, Varr. ap. Non. 503, 22: “Marte Fervĕre Leucaten,Verg. A. 8, 677; cf.: “opere omnis semita fervet ... Quosque dabas gemitus, cum litora fervĕre late Prospiceres,id. ib. 4, 407 sq.: “fora litibus omnia fervent,Mart. 2, 64, 7: “forte tuas legiones per loca campi fervere cum videas,Lucr. 2, 41: “fervere classem,id. 2, 47; Att. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 78 Müll. (Trag. v. 483 Rib.): “fervent examina putri De bove,Ov. F. 1, 379; Val. Fl. 6, 588; Sil. 6, 317; 9, 243 al.
III. Trop., to burn or glow, to be heated, inflamed or agitated, to rage, rave.
(α). Form ferveo: “usque eo fervet efferturque avaritia, ut, etc.,Cic. Quint. 11, 38; cf.: “fervet avaritiā miseroque cupidine pectus,Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 33: “et fervent multo linguaque corque mero,Ov. F. 2, 732: “animus tumida fervebat ab ira,id. M. 2, 602: “fervet immensusque ruit profundo Pindarus ore,rages, Hor. C. 4, 2, 7: fervet opus redolentque thymo fragrantia mella, glows, i. e. is carried on briskly, Verg. G. 4, 169; Lucil. Aetna, 167: “inter vos libertorumque cohortem Pugna fervet,Juv. 5, 29: “equus cui plurima palma fervet,shines, id. 8, 59.—Poet., with inf.: sceptrumque capessere fervet, burns, i. e. eagerly desires, Claud. ap. Ruf. 2, 295: “stagna secare,id. B. Gild. 350.—
(β). Form fervo: heu cor irā fervit caecum, amentiā rapior ferorque, Att. ap. Non. 503, 7; cf.: “cum fervit maxime,Ter. Ad. 4, 1, 18 (Prisc. p. 866 P.): hoc nunc fervit animus, hoc volo, Afran. ap. Non. 503, 9: “domus haec fervit flagiti,Pomp. ib. 8: “se fervere caede Lacaenae,Val. Fl. 7, 150; cf.: “hostem fervere caede novā,Verg. A. 9, 693.—Pass. impers.: quanta vociferatione fervitur! Afran. ap. Non. 505, 25.— Hence, fervens , entis, P. a., boiling hot, glowing, burning.
A. Lit.: “foculi,Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 67: “aqua,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 26, § 67; cf.: “ferventissima aqua,Col. 12, 50, 21: ferventes fusili ex argilla glandes, * Caes. B. G. 5, 43, 1: “rotae,swift, Sil. 2, 199; cf. Ov. P. 1, 8, 68: “aurum,shining, Mart. 10, 74, 6: “in cinere ferventi leniter decoquere,Plin. 25, 8, 50, § 90: “saxa vapore,Lucr. 1, 491: “cera,Plin. 11, 37, 45, § 127: “dictamnum fervens et acre gustu,id. 25, 8, 53, § 92: “horae diei,id. 17, 22, 35, § 189: “vulnus,smoking, warm, Ov. M. 4, 120: “ferventia caedibus arva,Sil. 9, 483: “(fluvius) Spumeus et fervens,raging, Ov. M. 3, 571: “vultus modesto sanguine,glowing, blushing, Juv. 10, 300.— Subst.: “si ferventia os intus exusserint,Plin. 30, 4, 9, § 27.—
2. Transf., of sound, hissing: “(sono) resultante in duris, fervente in umidis,Plin. 2, 80, 82, § 193.—
B. Trop., hot, heated, inflamed, impetuous: “fortis animus et magnus in homine non perfecto nec sapiente ferventior plerumque est,too ardent and impetuous, Cic. Off. 1, 15, 46: ferventes latrones, violent, furious, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 23, 3: “quale fuit Cassi rapido ferventius amni Ingenium,impetuous, Hor. S. 1, 10, 62: “meum Fervens difficili bile tumet jecur,id. C. 1, 13, 4: “fervens ira oculis,sparkling, Ov. M. 8, 466: “mero fervens,drunken, Juv. 3, 283.—Sup.: “in re ferventissima friges,Auct. Her. 4, 15, 21.— Hence, adv.: ferventer , hotly, warmly: ferventer loqui, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 2; cf.: “ferventissime concerpi,id. ib. 8, 6, 5: “ferventius,Aug. de Genes. ad Lit. 2, 5.
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