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festus , a, um, adj. Sanscr. bhas, shine; lengthened from bha-; Gr. φα-, φαίνω, v. for; cf. feriae (fes-iae), orig.,
I.of or belonging to the holidays (in opp. to the working-days), solemn, festive, festal, joyful, merry.
I. Lit.
A. Adj. (syn.: sollennis, fastus).
2. Transf., of everything relating to holidays: “chori,Ov. Tr. 5, 12, 8: “clamores,Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 24: “corona,Ov. M. 10, 598; cf. “fronde,Verg. A. 4, 459: “dapes,Hor. Epod. 9, 1: “mensae,Sil. 7, 198; Val. Fl. 3, 159: “lusus,Mart. 1, 1: “pagus,Hor. C. 3, 18, 11: “urbs,gay, merry, Sil. 11, 272; 12, 752: “theatra,Ov. M. 3, 111: “Lares,Mart. 3, 58, 23: “licentiae,of the holidays, Quint. 6, 3, 17: “pax,Ov. M. 2, 795; Plin. 14, 1, 1, § 23: “plebs,Tac. A. 2, 69: “domus ornatu,id. ib. 3, 9: “ritus,id. H. 5, 5: “omina,id. A. 5, 4: “cespes,Juv. 12, 2: “janua,id. 12, 91.—As a term of endearment: “mi animule, mea vita, mea festivitas, meus dies festus, etc.,my holiday, Plaut. Cas. 1, 49.—
B. Subst.: festum , i, n., a holiday, festival; a festal banquet, feast (poet. and late Lat. for dies festus): “cur igitur Veneris festum Vinalia dicant, Quaeritis?Ov. F. 4, 877; 1, 190; id. M. 4, 390: “forte Jovi festum Phoebus sollenne parabat,feast, id. F. 2, 247: “cum dii omnes ad festum magnae matris convenissent,Lact. 1, 21, 25.—In plur.: “Idaeae festa parentis erunt,Ov. F. 4, 182: “festa venatione absumi,Plin. 6, 22, 24, § 91; Ov. M. 4, 33; 10, 431; Hor. Epod. 2, 59; id. Ep. 2, 2, 197; Vulg. Exod. 23, 14 al.; Greg. Mag. Homil. in Evang. 2, 26, 10; Lact. 1, 22, 24.—
II. Meton., public, solemn, festal, festive, joyous (post-Aug. and rare): “dolor,Stat. S. 2, 7, 134: “festior annus,Claud. III. Cons. Hon. 3: “festissimi dies,Vop. Tac. 11: “aures,” i. e. gladdened, Claud. B. G. 206 (but in Stat. S. 2, 7, 90 the right read. is fata).
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