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flōrĕo , ŭi, 2, v. n. flos,
I.to bloom, blossom, flower (class.; esp. freq. in the trop. sense; cf.: floresco, vigeo).
B. Transf.
1. (Acc. to flos, I. B.) Of wine, to froth: “si vinum florere incipiet,Col. 12, 30, 1: “vina quoque in magnis operose condita cellis Florent,Ov. F. 5, 270.—
2. To get the first downy beard: “libat florentes haec tibi prima (dies) genas,Mart. 3, 6, 4.—
3. To be filled with, to abound with any thing (ante-class. and poet.): mare velis florere videres, Cato ap. Charis. p. 185; cf.: “mare velivolis florebat puppibus,Lucr. 5, 1442; cf.: “hinc laetas urbes pueris florere videmus,id. 1, 255 Lachm.: “Hybla multis thymis,Ov. P. 2, 7, 26: “jam pridem regio ... undat equis floretque viris,Val. Fl. 1, 547.—
4. To bloom, i. e. to be bright with varied colors: “pampineo gravidus autumno Floret ager, of the ripening fruits,Verg. G. 2, 6; “of an army on the march: variis floret via discolor armis,Val. Fl. 5, 565; cf.: “floret cristatus exercitus undique turmis,Claud. III. Cons. Hon. 133.—
5. To be bright (cf. P. a. infra): “lumina floruisse,Tert. Apol. 11: “caelum luminibus floruisset,id. adv. Marc. 4, 42.—
II. Trop., to be in a flourishing or prosperous condition, to flourish, be in good repute, to be eminent, distinguished, etc.; constr. with the abl. and absol.
A. Of persons and animate things.
(γ). Absol.: “ergo in Graecia musici floruerunt,Cic. Tusc. 1, 2, 4; id. Ac. 2, 6, 16; cf.: “floret Epicurus,id. Off. 3, 33, 116: “qui inter illos florebas,id. Quint. 26, 80: “cum multis simul floruit,Quint. 3, 1, 9: “floruit circa Philippum,id. 12, 10. 6: “circum tribus actis impiger annis Floret equus,is in his bloom, prime, Lucr. 5, 884.—
B. Of inanim. and abstr. things.
A. Lit., shining, glistening, glittering, bright (poet. and in postclass. prose): “Ennius et Lucretius florere dicunt omne quod nitidum est,Serv. Verg. A. 7, 804: “lucernarum florentia lumina flammis,Lucr. 4, 450; so, “smaragdi arcano igne,Stat. Th. 2, 276: “postes arcano lumine,id. ib. 1, 210: “catervae aere,Verg. A. 7, 804: “exercitus insignibus argenteis et aureis,Gell. 5, 5, 2.—
2. Abounding in flowers: “vertice de summo semper florentis Hymetti,Ov. M. 7, 702.—Subst.: florens , ntis, f., a garland: “do hanc tibi florentem florenti,Plaut. Pers. 5, 1, 18 (cf. B. 1. β infra).—
B. Trop. (acc. to II.), flourishing, prosperous, in the prime, in repute, fine, excellent.
1. Of animate things.
(β). Absol.: “qui te beatum, qui florentem putas,Cic. Par. 2, 18: “quos ego florentis atque integros sine ferro viceram,id. Planc. 35, 86: “oratores florentes et leviter ornati,id. Or. 6, 20: “florens et illustris adolescens,Caes. B. G. 7, 32, 4: exorta semper florentis Homeri species, Enn. ap. Lucr. 1, 124.—Plur. as subst.: flōrentes , um, the prosperous (opp. afflicti), Nep. Att. 11, 4.—
2. Of inanim. and abstr. things.
(α). With abl.: “florentes viribus anni,Sil. 1, 226; so, “anni vigore,Petr. 132: “animus vino,joyous, Gell. 6, 13, 4.—
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